Indo-European Lexicon

Tocharian B Reflex Index

Below we list 141 unique Tocharian B reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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Tocharian B reflex index
Reflex Etyma
āke 2. ak̑-
ānte ant-s
ārkwi ar(e)-g̑-
aikare 1. aig-
aikre 1. aig-
aiśaumye ēik-
a-knātsa 2. g̑en-
alyek 1. al-
antāpce tep-
ant-api ambhi
arṣāklai 2. ere-s-
aukšu au̯eg-
eṅk- enek̑-
er- 3. er-
ikäṃ du̯ō(u)
kälyp- k̑lep-
kälywe 1. k̑leu-
känte dek̑m̥
käntwā dn̥g̑hū
kärst- 4. (s)ker-
kärweñäṣṣe 2. ger-
kärweñe 2. ger-
käryorttau krei-
käry- krei-
kante dek̑m̥
kan g̑hðem-
karyor krei-
kauc 2. keu-
keṃ g̑hðem-
keme g̑embh-
kenīne 1. g̑enu-
keu gou-
klāwi 1. k̑leu-
klāw- 1. k̑leu-
klautk- 1. kel-
klautso 1. k̑leu-
klīye gē̆nā
klutk- 1. kel-
klyauṣ- 1. k̑leu-
klyiye gē̆nā
kokale 1. kel-
kor ghrē-
krāmär 2. ger-
kramartse 2. ger-
krośce 1. kreu-
kuce ko- , ko-
kuse ko-
ku k̑u̯on-
kwem k̑u̯on-
laks lak̑-
malkwer mē̆lg̑-
mit médhu
-ñ 1. me-
ñä-ś 1. me-
ñunte e-neu̯en
ñu e-neu̯en
-ne 1. en
oktante ok̑tō(u)
okt ok̑tō(u)
pāke 1. bhag-
pälk- 7. pel-
pāl- (s)pel-
pärk- bhereg̑h- , 4. perk̑-
pärsk- 2. perg-
paut- bheudh-
*pelk- 7. pel-
peti 2. bhedh-
pilta 4. bhel-
piṅkte penke
piś penke
prānk- bhrenk-
prāsk- 2. perg-
pracer bhrā́ter-
prek- 4. perk̑-
procer bhrā́ter-
proskiye 2. perg-
prosko 2. perg-
ptsa 2. pē̆d-
puwar peu̯ōr
rätre reudh-
raksau 1. reg̑-
rekauna 2. rē̆k-
reki 2. rē̆k-
śak dek̑m̥
ṣalype selp-
ṣalywe selp-
śana gē̆nā
šar g̑herdh-
ṣar 4. g̑her-
śaumo g̑hðem-
śau- 3. gei̯-
ścirye 2. stē̆r-
śkante dek̑m̥
ṣkaste su̯ek̑s
ṣkas su̯ek̑s
ṣñaura snēu-
śpālmeṃ ghebh-el-
śpālu ghebh-el-
ṣpäne 1. su̯ep-
śtarte ketu̯er-
śtwer ketu̯er-
ṣuktante septm̥
ṣukt septm̥
sā so(s)
sā- so(s)
se so(s)
se- so(s)
solme solo-
stām stā-
stāre stā-
ste stā-
täl- 1. tel-
tās- 2. dhē-
täs- 2. dhē-
tätt- 2. dhē-
tak- dēg-
talle 1. tel-
tarya trei-
tek- dēg-
tes- 2. dhē-
te 1. to-
tkācer dhug(h)əter-
trai trei-
treṅk- 3. dher-
trite trei-
tsäk- dhegh-
tsāp- tep-
tsaik- dheig̑h-
tseñe 1. dhen-
tsik- dheig̑h-
twere dhu̯ē̆r-
tweye 4. dheu-
wāp- 1. u̯ebh-
wäs- 5. u̯es-
wate du̯ō(u)
wek u̯ek-
wi du̯ō(u)
wrattsai 3h. u̯er-
yakwe ek̑u̯o-s
yaṣi u̯ē̆su-
yente 10. au̯(e)-

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