Indo-European Lexicon

Tocharian A Reflex Index

Below we list 136 unique Tocharian A reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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Tocharian A reflex index
Reflex Etyma
ā-knats 2. g̑en-
āk 2. ak̑-
āmpi ambhi
ārki ar(e)-g̑-
ārkyant ar(e)-g̑-
ārṣal 2. ere-s-
āsu ā̆s-
ăym- aiu̯-
alyak 1. al-
-an 1. en
antus ant-s
aulāre 7. au̯-
ckācar dhug(h)əter-
ekro 1. aig-
ents- enek̑-
käntu dn̥g̑hū
känt dek̑m̥
kärṣt- 4. (s)ker-
kam g̑embh-
kanweṃ 1. g̑enu-
kat k̑ād-
klāw- 1. k̑leu-
klots 1. k̑leu-
klyoṣ- 1. k̑leu-
klyw- 1. k̑leu-
kña- 2. g̑en-
knān- 2. g̑en-
koc 2. keu-
kon k̑u̯on-
ko gou-
krāṁ ghrē-
krāmärts 2. ger-
krośśäṁ 1. kreu-
kũnac 2. ghen(-ə)-
kucne ko-
kuc ko-
kukäl 1. kel-
kuli gē̆nā
kuryar krei-
kusne ko-
kus ko-
ku k̑u̯on-
mācar mātér-
malke mē̆lg̑-
malywät 1. mel-
-ñi 1. me-
ñuk eg̑- , 1. me-
ñu e-neu̯en
okät ok̑tō(u)
oki 4. au-
okšu au̯eg-
oksiš au̯eg-
oks- au̯eg-
oktänt ok̑tō(u)
olar 7. au̯-
orkāṃ regos-
pācar pətḗ(r)
pāk 1. bhag-
päk- pek-
pälk- 7. pel-
pält 4. bhel-
päl- (s)pel-
päñ penke
pänt penke
pärk- bhereg̑h- , 4. perk̑-
pärsk- 2. perg-
pärtär 1. bher-
päśśäm peg-
päts 2. pē̆d-
park- bhereg̑h-
por peu̯ōr
poto 2. bhedh-
pot- bheudh-
pracar bhrā́ter-
prak- 4. perk̑-
praski 2. perg-
prask- 2. perg-
räk- 1. reg̑-
rätr- reudh-
rake 2. rē̆k-
śäk dek̑m̥
ṣäk su̯ek̑s
ṣälyp selp-
śäm gē̆nā
ṣäptänt septm̥
śärme gher-
śanweṃ 2. g̑enu-
ṣkäṣt su̯ek̑s
śomin g̑hðem-
śom g̑hðem-
śo- 3. gei̯-
śpāl- ghebh-el-
ṣpäṃ 1. su̯ep-
ṣpät septm̥
śre-ñ 2. stē̆r-
ṣtām stā-
śtärt ketu̯er-
śtwar ketu̯er-
sāle 1. sal-
sā- so(s)
salu solo-
sar- 4. ser-
sa- so(s)
skänt dek̑m̥
täl- 1. tel-
täm 1. to-
tās- 2. dhē-
täs- 2. dhē-
tät-k dā
tā- 2. dhē-
tas- 2. dhē-
tkaṃ g̑hðem-
träṅk- 3. dher-
tre trei-
trit trei-
tsāk- dhegh-
tsäk- dhegh-
tsän- 1. dhen-
tsar 4. g̑her- , g̑herdh-
tseke dheig̑h-
tsek- dheig̑h-
tweye 4. dheu-
twe 4. dheu-
wänt 10. au̯(e)-
wärt- 3h. u̯er-
wäs- 5. u̯es-
wät du̯ō(u)
wak u̯ek-
wiki du̯ō(u)
wi du̯ō(u)
wṣe u̯ē̆su-
wu du̯ō(u)
yā- 1. ei-
yokäm 2. i̯eu-
ysār ē̆s-r̥(g)
yuk ek̑u̯o-s

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