Indo-European Lexicon

Frisian Reflex Index

Below we list 182 unique Frisian reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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Frisian reflex index
Reflex Etyma
ær 2. ōus-
āat oid-
āsta au̯es-
aeple ā̆bel-
aerbeyde orbho-
ak 4. au-
alue 1. leip- , oi-no-
alve 1. leip- , oi-no-
al 1. al-
aod 2. al-
aple ā̆bel-
arm 1. ar-
artisan 1. ar-
aud 2. al-
backe bhē-
baerg 3. bher-
barm 2. bher-
berd bhardhā
berme 2. bher-
besma 1. bhes-
biar 2. pō(i)-
bidde 2. bhedh-
binnen 1. en
bird bhardhā
bleat 2. bhlēu-
blike 1. bhlē̆i-
bloed 4. bhel-
bloeyen 4. bhel-
boage 3. bheug-
boarstel bhares-
boarst 1. bhreu-s-
boek bhāgó-s
boerd bheredh-
boer bheu-
boi bhrā́ter-
bok bhāgó-s , bhū̆g̑o-s
bord bheredh-
boyem bhudh-m(e)n
brān bh(e)reu-
bregge 2. bhrū-
brekke 1. bhreg̑-
briede bh(e)reu-
brimje 2. bherem-
brimme 2. bherem-
bringe bhrenk-
bruke bhrūg-
brun 5. bher-
buten ū̆d-
buter gou-
bynnen bhendh-
dæd 2. dhē-
dalle 1. dhel-
dauwe 1. dheu-
dead 2. dheu-
deal 2. gel-
dea 2. dheu- , 2. dheu-
dey ā̆g̑her-
diede 2. dhē-
dien 2. dhē-
dijvel 2. gel-
doare dhu̯ē̆r-
doar dhu̯ē̆r-
doayter dhug(h)əter-
dochter dhug(h)əter-
dollen dhelbh-
dol 1. dhel- , 4. dheu-
douwe 1. dheu-
dreagen dherāgh-
dreagjen dherāgh-
dregte 2. dher-
dreyn dherāgh-
driech 2. dhreugh-
drieuwen dhreibh-
drincken dhreg̑-
drinssen dhreg̑-
dwæljen 4. dheu-
dwaen 2. dhē-
dwirg dhu̯ergh-
dwyljen 4. dheu-
eak 4. au-
eare 2. ōus-
earm 1. ar- , orbho-
earse ers-
earz ers-
ear 2. ōus-
eher 2. ak̑-
eij óu̯i-s
ei óu̯i-s
eyne ant-s
eyn ant-s
fœggel pleu-
faer pətḗ(r)
fallan phō̆l-
fangen pā̆k̑-
fean pā̆k̑-
ferren 2b. per-
festgjen pasto-
fest pasto-
fet pei̯(ə)-
fieden pā-
fielen 3a. pel-
fieren 2b. per-
fier 2a. per-
finger penke
finne 2. pen-
fisck peisk-
fjœr peu̯ōr
fjild pelə-
fjouver ketu̯er-
fjuechten 2. pek̑-
flægs plek̑-
flæsch plēk̑-
flæsck plēk̑-
flan pleu-
flechte pleu-
flega pleu-
floede pleu-
foet 2. pē̆d-
folck 1. pel-
fole pōu-
folljen 1. pel-
foll 1. pel-
fol 1. pel-
ford 2a. per-
fort 2a. per-
freegjen 4. perk̑-
frjuen prāi-
froast preus-
froed pret-
fry prāi-
fugil pleu-
fule 2. pū̆-
full 1. pel-
furch 3. perk̑-
furge 3. perk̑-
fuwle 2. pū̆-
fyf penke
fynnen pent-
fynne pē(i)-
gæst gheis-
galljen ghel-
gat ghed-
gean 1. g̑hē-
gearjen ghedh-
hel 1. kel-
ig 2. ak̑-
ik 2. aig-
ja 3. e-
jelne 8. el-
jier 1. ei-
jong 3. i̯eu-
kāpia kap-
kaem g̑embh-
kening 1. g̑en-
kerven gerebh-
kiezjen g̑eus-
kinnen 1. g̑en-
klaed 1. gel-
klaey 1. gel-
kniesen gen-
knotte gen-
knyf gen-
koal g(e)u-lo-
kommen gā-
kreft 3. ger-
krie 2. ger-
krippen 3. ger-
kruwch 3. ger-
kw gou-
ky gou-
oad 2. al-
ol 1. al-
quick 3. gei̯-
ril 3. er-
rolje ret(h)-
swīva su̯ē̆(i)-
tziezjen g̑eus-
tzsierl g̑er-
tzys ku̯at(h)-
yeme au̯o-s
yem au̯o-s
ytten ed-

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