Indo-European Lexicon

Welsh Reflex Index

Below we list 199 unique Welsh reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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Welsh reflex index
Reflex Etyma
addas 2. ad-
afal ā̆bel-
afanc ab-
afon ab-
afr- abhro-
amaeth ag̑-
anudon 5. ai-
arch areq-
ariant ar(e)-g̑-
ar-wain u̯eg̑h-
asyn ers-
athraw 2. al-
bad bheid-
bara bhar-
bardd 4. ger(ə)-
barf bhardhā
barlys bhares-
bar 3. bher-
bedd 1. bhedh-
bera bhereg̑h-
berth bherəg̑-
blith mē̆lg̑-
bodd bheudh-
bod bheu-
bola bhelg̑h-
boly bhelg̑h-
bol bhelg̑h-
bord bheredh-
bost 2. b(e)u-
brawd bhrā́ter-
bre bhereg̑h-
briw bhrēi-
brodyr bhrā́ter-
bryw 2. ger-
bum bheu-
bwch bhū̆g̑o-s
bwrdh bheredh-
bydalf bhei-
byw 3. gei̯-
cach kakka-
cad k̑at-
caeth kap-
caill 1. (s)kel-
cainc 2. k̑ā̆k-
cant dek̑m̥
carn 3. kar-
caroli au-lo-s
carol au-lo-s
carreg 3. kar-
cart 3. ger-
carw 1. k̑er-
cas k̑ād-
caws ku̯at(h)-
cegin pek-
cethr k̑ent-
chweched su̯ek̑s
chwech su̯ek̑s
cilydd 1. k̑ei-
ci k̑u̯on-
cleddyf 3. kel-
cnap gen-
cōg pek-
cōr 4. g̑her-
coed kaito-
cog kuku
corn 1. k̑er-
coroli au-lo-s
craidd k̑ered-
cramen ghrēi-
cromlech 2. lēu-
cruitr 4. (s)ker-
crwm 3. ger-
crwn 3. (s)ker-
curan 2. (s)keu-
cwd 2. (s)keu-
cwmm 2. keu-
cwm 2. keu-
cwr 4. (s)ker-
cyf-rif 1. ar-
cyf-ung ang̑h-
cy-wain u̯eg̑h-
dala 5. del-
dal 5. del-
dant ed-
darn 4. der-
dar deru-
dec dek̑m̥
deheu 1. dek̑-
dehongli sengh-
deigr dak̑ru-
delysg dhā̆l-
deongli sengh-
derwen deru-
dew dhem-
dól 1. dhel-
dor dhu̯ē̆r-
drwg 2. dhreugh-
drych derk̑-
dun 4. dheu-
dwn 4. dheu-
dwrdd 2. der-
dwrn 1. der-
dyn g̑hðem-
ebol ek̑u̯o-s
elain 1. gel-
esgob spek̑-
esu ed-
eterin 2. pet-
ffaen bhabhā
ffrau 2. (s)p(h)er-
ffrwst 2. (s)p(h)er-
gaol ghoilo-s
garan 2. ger-
garth 3. gher-
gawr g̑ā̆r-
genau 2. g̑enu-
geni 1. g̑en-
genni 1. g̑en-
gen 2. g̑enu-
gid ghaido-
giten ghaido-
gorwydd reidh-
grann 3. gher-
gran 3. gher-
gre 1. ger-
gro 2. ghrēu-
gwain u̯eg̑h-
gwas upo
gweddi ghedh-
gwernen u̯er-(e)nā
gwerthyd 3h. u̯er-
gwiw u̯ē̆su-
gwlan 4. u̯el-
gwyddom 2. u̯(e)id-
gwyllt 4. u̯el-
gwynn 2. u̯(e)id-
gwynt 10. au̯(e)-
gwyn 2. u̯(e)id-
had 2. sē(i)-
haf 3. sem-
he-brwng bhrenk-
hebrwng 1. bher-
hollt 1. (s)kel-
hufen sei-
iau 2. i̯eu-
ieuanc 3. i̯eu-
karn 1. k̑er-
llau lū̆s
llawn 1. pel-
llawr pelə-
llech 2. lēu-
llydan pelə-
llyfu leig̑h-
llyv leig̑h-
march marko-
marw 4. mer-
meddyglyn médhu
merwydden moro-
mi 1. me-
moel 1. mai-
niwl 2. enebh-
noeth nog-
nyddu (s)nē-
nyfio sneigh-
nyf sneigh-
oes ai-ti-
pedwar ketu̯er-
pegor bak-
pegwn bak-
pell 2. kel-
pig bak-
pinc (s)pingo-
pwca 2. b(e)u-
pwy ko-
pysg peisk-
redheg ret(h)-
rhifo 1. ar-
rhif 1. ar-
rhod ret(h)-
rhudd reudh-
rhumen reu-smen-
rhydd prāi-
sefyll stā-
seithfed septm̥
seren 2. stē̆r-
talch telek-
tant 1. ten-
tawdd tā-
tew tegu-
tlawd 1. tel-
tri trei-
troed trāgh-
trwnc 8. (s)ter-
trydydd trei-
tūd tēu-
un oi-no-
wythfed ok̑tō(u)
wyth ok̑tō(u)
wy ō(u̯)i̯-om

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