Indo-European Lexicon

Low German Reflex Index

Below we list 252 unique Low German reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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Low German reflex index
Reflex Etyma
æken agos-
äken agos-
āk 4. au-
ambolt 2a. pel-
ambult 2a. pel-
ander 2. an-
auk 4. au-
awen auq(h)-
bāke 1. bhā-
bäk bhog-
baar 5. bher-
babbelen baba-
baike bhāgó-s
bakken bhē-
balke 5. bhel-
ballast klā-
ball 3. bhel-
bangeln bheg-
bangen bheg-
barme 2. bher-
barm 2. bher-
baten bhā̆d-
bate bhā̆d-
beede ambhi
beer 2. pō(i)-
beke bhog-
betel 1. bhā̆u-
beten bheid-
bet bheid-
bever 5. bher-
bigge bhei-
biten bheid-
bit bheid-
biwake u̯eg̑-
blaag bhlē-u̯o-s
black bheleg-
bladere 3. bhel-
blad 4. bhel-
blaren bhlē-
blare 3. bhel-
blarren bhlē-
blas bhles-
blau bhlē-u̯o-s
bledder 3. bhel-
bleien 2. bhlei-
blek bheleg-
bleten bhlē-
bleusteren bhleu-(k-)
blistern bhleu-
blood 4. bhel-
blüsen bhleu-(k-)
blüse bhleu-(k-)
blüsken bhleu-(k-)
blustern bhleu-
bōnen 1. bhā-
bötel 1. bhā̆u-
bolte bheld-
boogspret bhāg̑hú-s
book bhāgó-s
boom bheu-
boord bheredh-
boot bheid-
borme 2. bher-
bote bhā̆d-
braam 1. bherem-
breiden bherək̑-
brood bh(e)reu-
brummel 1. bherem-
büle 2. b(e)u-
būr bheu-
bule 2. b(e)u-
bulge bhelg̑h-
bumboot bhudh-m(e)n
bum bhudh-m(e)n
buur bheu-
dag ā̆g̑her-
daiern dhē(i)-
dalgen dhelgh-
daljen dhelgh-
dallen 3. dhel-
drönen 3. dher-
drone 3. dher-
drunsen 3. dher-
dumper tem(ə)-
eke 2. aig-
elf albho-
f̈ren 2b. per-
fadem 1. pet-
faem 1. pet-
falen pōu-
fare 3. perk̑-
fasel 3. pes-
fat 1. pē̆d-
fedder 2. pet-
feere 2a. per-
fee 2. pek̑-
fege pōu-
fenne 2. pen-
fere 2a. per-
fijend pē(i)-
fijnd pē(i)-
filt 2a. pel-
finke (s)pingo-
fink (s)pingo-
finnen pent-
fisk peisk-
five penke
fiwe penke
flappen plab-
flass plek̑-
fleesch plēk̑-
fleesk plēk̑-
fleet pleu-
flegen pleu-
flege pleu-
fleten pleu-
flet plā̆t-
flikke plēk̑-
flö blou-
floien pleu-
flojen pleu-
flood pleu-
floor pelə-
flo blou-
flugten pleu-
flugt pleu-
föde pā-
fölen 3a. pel-
foder pā-
fommelen pei-m(i)-
foorste 2a. per-
fore 3. perk̑-
freren preus-
fresen preus-
freten ed-
frijen prāi-
frij prāi-
fri prāi-
frod pret-
fründ prāi-
frucht 2. perg-
frund prāi-
füer peu̯ōr
full 1. pel-
ful 2. pū̆-
fummeln pei-m(i)-
furten perd-
fussig 2. pū̆-
fust pn̥ksti-
fuul 2. pū̆-
fuust pn̥ksti-
gaan 1. g̑hē-
gaddern ghedh-
gadern ghedh-
gaen 1. g̑hē-
gante g̑han-s-
gan 1. g̑hē-
gast ghosti-s
geest gheis-
gere g̑haiso-
gillen ghel-
glibberig 1. g̑hel-
grabben 1. ghrebh-
hǣwen 3. k̑em-
holstr 4. k̑el-
hul 1. kel-
jaar 1. ei-
jar 1. ei-
jung 3. i̯eu-
junk 3. i̯eu-
klint 1. gel-
knappsack gen-
kokk pek-
korck perku-s
koren g̑eus-
kraanbere 2. ger-
kraan 2. ger-
krampe 3. ger-
krimpen 3. ger-
kringel 3. ger-
kring 3. ger-
kuchen kās-
maien 2. am-
meien 2. am-
näviger 1. enebh-
naviger 1. enebh-
nude 1. ken-
nutt 1. ken-
nut 1. ken-
ōk 4. au-
oegeln ok-
oog ok-
pogge preu-
pudel 2. b(e)u-
quabbeln 2. gēb(h)-
ramken reugh-m(e)n-
ram reugh-m(e)n-
rave 1. ker-
ribbesper 2. rebh-
rille 3. er-
roek 1. ker-
rok 1. ker-
rullen ret(h)-
sapp sap-
scholl 3. (s)kel-
seem sei-
see sāi-
sippen 1. seu-
slubberen (s)leup-
smelten 1. mel-
smuck 2. meug-
smuggeln 2. meug-
snappen snā-
sommer 3. sem-
soor saus-
stope steb(h)-
suteler 4. seu-
swabber 2. su̯ep-
swōgen u̯ā̆gh-
teer deru-
terren 4. der-
thāhta 1. tong-
thenkan 1. tong-
thiad tēu-
tippen dā
v̈de pā-
vader pətḗ(r)
vagel pleu-
vale pōu-
vare 2e. per-
vat 1. pē̆d-
veer ketu̯er-
vee 2. pek̑-
veih 2. pek̑-
verblekken bheleg-
*verdeck 1. (s)teg-
vöge pōu-
voder pā-
voer pā-
voot 2. pē̆d-
vos 1. pū̆k-
vreten ed-
vrood pret-
vüer peu̯ōr
vür peu̯ōr
vullen 1. pel-
vull 1. pel-
vuul 2. pū̆-
wabbeln 1. u̯ebh-
wake u̯eg̑-
wind 10. au̯(e)-
winter 9. au̯(e)-

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