Indo-European Lexicon

Vulgar Latin Reflex Index

Below we list 309 unique Vulgar Latin reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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Vulgar Latin reflex index
Reflex Etyma
abantiare ant-s
abantio ant-s
accollāre 1. kel-
accolo 1. kel-
accomplēre 1. pel-
accompleo 1. pel-
accordāre k̑ered-
accordo k̑ered-
aculentum 2. ak̑-
admonestare 3. men-
admonesto 3. men-
admortīre 4. mer-
admortio 4. mer-
*adrationāre 1. ar-
*advērāre 11. u̯er-
adventura gā-
aetaticum aiu̯-
alba albho-
altiare 2. al-
altio 2. al-
*amīcitās am(m)a
anteanus ant-s
anteoculāre ok-
anteocularis ok-
anteoculo ok-
appariculare 2d. per-
appariculo 2d. per-
*apprenditīcius ghend-
*apticulāre 1. ap-
aquarium akā-
arca arqu-
arredare reidh-
arredo reidh-
arrestare stā-
arresto stā-
arripāre 1. rei-
arripo 1. rei-
*artitiānus 1. ar-
assalīre 4. sel-
assalio 4. sel-
assaltus 4. sel-
assedēre sed-
assedo sed-
assimulāre 2. sem-
assimulo 2. sem-
assuaviāre su̯ād-
assuavio su̯ād-
attangere tag-
attango tag-
bacculare bak-
bacculo bak-
*bandāria 1. bhā-
barbellus bhardhā
*battālia bhāt-
*bellitās 2. deu-
bilancia du̯ō(u)
*bilia 2. b(e)u-
*birotium ret(h)-
bullicare 2. b(e)u-
bullico 2. b(e)u-
cadentia 1. k̑ad-
caesorium (s)k(h)ai-
calfare 2. dhē-
calfo 2. dhē-
canile k̑u̯on-
caprionis kapro-
caprio kapro-
captiāre kap-
captio kap-
caronia 4. (s)ker-
casicare 1. k̑ad-
casico 1. k̑ad-
certanus 4. (s)ker-
charissāre 2. g̑her-
charisso 2. g̑her-
claria 6. kel-
coactīre ag̑-
coacticare ag̑-
coactico ag̑-
coatio ag̑-
*cochillia k̑onkho-
cominitiare 1. ei-
cominitio 1. ei-
commandare mə-r
commando mə-r
compassāre 1. pet-
compasso 1. pet-
complangere 2. plāk-
complango 2. plāk-
conredare reidh-
conredo reidh-
consutura si̯ū-
contrastare stā-
contrasto stā-
conviāre u̯eg̑h-
convio u̯eg̑h-
coxinus kok̑sā
credentāre k̑ered-
credento k̑ered-
debita ghabh-
defensa 2. ghen(-ə)-
degradus ghredh-
destrugere 5. ster-
disdignāre 1. dek̑-
disdigno 1. dek̑-
districtia 2. streig-
divisāre u̯eidh-
diviso u̯eidh-
dominiarium dem-
*dominicella dem-
*ebiscopus spek̑-
exaquāre akā-
exaquo akā-
excadeo 1. k̑ad-
excadere 1. k̑ad-
excambiāre (s)kamb-
excambio (s)kamb-
excarpsus 4. (s)ker-
excuticāre ku̯ēt-
excutico ku̯ēt-
exquadrāre ketu̯er- , ketu̯er-
exquadra ketu̯er-
exquadro ketu̯er- , ketu̯er-
exquassāre ku̯ēt-
exquasso ku̯ēt-
extonare 1. (s)ten-
extono 1. (s)ten-
extragāre 5. ster-
extrago 5. ster-
extufāre 4. dheu-
extufa 4. dheu-
extufo 4. dheu-
exturdīre trozdos-
exturdio trozdos-
exvanire 1. eu-
exvigilāre u̯eg̑-
exvigilō u̯eg̑-
facia 2. dhē-
farsa bharek-
fetonis dhē(i)-
feto dhē(i)-
fīdere 1. bheidh-
fīdo 1. bheidh-
figicare dhēig-
figico dhēig-
flabeolum 3. bhel-
flator 3. bhel-
florīre 4. bhel-
florio 4. bhel-
fortia bhereg̑h-
fullāre 3. bhel-
fullo 3. bhel-
fundita 1. g̑heu-
funditum 1. g̑heu-
funditus 1. g̑heu-
furittus 1. bher-
grevis 2. ger-
impastoriare pā-
impastorio pā-
imprehendere ghend-
imprehendo ghend-
imputāre 2. peu-
imputō 2. peu-
inaltiare 2. al-
inaltio 2. al-
incienta 1. k̑eu-
inclavare klēu-
inclavo klēu-
indictare deik̑-
indicto deik̑-
interrare ters-
interro ters-
inviare u̯eg̑h-
invio u̯eg̑h-
jacitum i̯ē-
juxtāre 2. i̯eu-
juxto 2. i̯eu-
*lacartus 2. lek-
langueo (s)lēg-
languere (s)lēg-
levamen legh-
lumbea 2. lendh-
mansionaticum 5. men-
mansuetinus se-
manuaria mə-r
*mara mori
medalis medhi-
mercatāre merk̑-
mercatans merk̑-
mercatantis merk̑-
mercato merk̑-
messa smeit-
minutiāre 5. mei-
minutio 5. mei-
misculare mei-k̑-
misculo mei-k̑-
modellus 1. med-
molliāre 1. mel-
mollio 1. mel-
monestare 3. men-
monesto 3. men-
montāre 1. men-
montaneus 1. men-
monto 1. men-
muscidus 2. meug-
muscula mūs
nidax sed-
nidicāre sed-
nidico sed-
operīre 5. u̯er-
operiō 5. u̯er-
opertura 5. u̯er-
pannellus pā̆n-
pariculus 2c. per-
particella 2c. per-
passāre 1. pet-
passo 1. pet-
pastoria pā-
*pēsum 1. (s)pen(-d)-
pendere 1. (s)pen(-d)-
pendicare 1. (s)pen(-d)-
pendico 1. (s)pen(-d)-
pendō 1. (s)pen(-d)-
penicellus 3. pes-
pernula persnā
petrosilium 2b. per-
phantasiāre 1. bhā-
phantasio 1. bhā-
pincta 1. peig-
pinctum 1. peig-
pinctus 1. peig-
pipa pī̆p(p)-
pipita pei̯(ə)-
plattus plā̆t-
plictus plek̑- , plek̑-
pluviarius pleu-
*prataria prā-
punctiāre peuk̑-
punctionis peuk̑-
punctio peuk̑- , peuk̑-
quadernum ketu̯er-
quadrellum ketu̯er-
quassicare ku̯ēt-
quassico ku̯ēt-
rapire rep-
rasicāre 2. rēd-
rasica 2. rēd-
rasico 2. rēd-
rationare 1. ar-
rationis 1. ar-
rationo 1. ar-
ratio 1. ar-
refusāre 1. g̑heu-
refuso 1. g̑heu-
rendere dō-
rendidi dō-
rendita dō-
renditus dō-
rendo dō-
repropiāre 2a. per-
repropio 2a. per-
*retina 1. ten-
riparia 1. rei-
sapius sap-
scuriolus ers-
scurius ers-
sequitus 1. sek-
sequi 1. sek-
sequor 1. sek-
stantia stā-
stanticāre stā-
stantico stā-
staticum stā-
stincilla sk̑āi-
sufferio 1. bher-
sufferire 1. bher-
summoneo 3. men-
summonere 3. men-
superanus upér
taxitāre tag-
taxito tag-
tempula temp-
tenitus 1. ten-
terrinus ters-
tolonium 1. tel-
torca terk-
tragināre trāgh-
tragino trāgh-
tripaliāre pā̆k̑-
tripalio pā̆k̑-
tropalium pā̆k̑-
tropare 2. trep-
tropo 2. trep-
tufera tēu-
turbulāre 1. tu̯er-
turbulo 1. tu̯er-
ustiarius 1. ōus-
valuta u̯al-
valutus u̯al-
venimen 1. u̯en-
*veracus 11. u̯er-
villutus 8. u̯el-
vocitus 1. eu-
volsorium 7. u̯el-
volsus 7. u̯el-
volvitāre 7. u̯el-
volvita 7. u̯el-
volvito 7. u̯el-
zelosus i̯ā-

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