Indo-European Lexicon

Middle Dutch Reflex Index

Below we list 260 unique Middle Dutch reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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Middle Dutch reflex index
Reflex Etyma
aen 4. an-
aerde 4. er-
akel agos-
ander 2. an-
avont epi
baer bhoso-s
bagger bhō̆gh-
bale 3. bhel-
beboer bheu-
bede ambhi
berck bherəg̑-
bere 1. bhā- , 5. bher-
bergfert bhereg̑h- , prāi-
bergfrede bhereg̑h- , prāi-
berme 1. bherem-
bert bheredh-
bete bheid-
beze 1. bhā-
bille bhei(ə)- , 3. bhel-
blæder 3. bhel-
blæsen 3. bhel-
blāsen 3. bhel-
blaeren bhlē-
blaeuw bhlē-u̯o-s
blaren bhlē-
blase 3. bhel-
bleten bhlē-
blinken bheleg-
blōt 2. bhlēu-
bloeme 4. bhel-
bloot 2. bhlēu-
blosen bhleu-(k-)
bluyster 2. bhlei-
blyster 2. bhlei-
bōdel bheu-
boc bhū̆g̑o-s
boech bhāg̑hú-s
boeck bhāgó-s
bolle 3. bhel-
bolt bheld-
bolwerc 2. u̯erg̑-
bommekijn bheu-
bomme bheu-
bonghe peuk̑-
bonne peuk̑-
boot bheid-
borch bhereg̑h-
borke 2. bhreg̑-
borne bh(e)reu-
bræyen 2. bher-
braeme 1. bherem-
brantwijn bh(e)reu-
brant bh(e)reu-
breme 1. bherem-
brenghen bhrenk-
brīne bhrēi-
brinc bhren-
broc 1. bhreg̑-
broeijen bh(e)reu-
bro bh(e)reu-
būghen 3. bheug-
bule 2. b(e)u-
burch bhereg̑h-
buylen 2. b(e)u-
clocke klēg-
clove gleubh-
cnoppe gen-
coolsaet 2. sē(i)-
craaghe 1. ger-
cronen 2. ger-
crul 3. ger-
cuchen kās-
dapper dheb-
dele 2. tel-
doom 4. dheu-
dorp trē̆b-
draf dhrebh-
drēte 5. dher-
dreunen 3. dher-
drijt 5. dher-
dronen 3. dher-
dus 1. to-
duutsch tēu-
ebbe apo-
eeke 2. aig-
fir-quisten gei̯ə-
gaden ghedh-
gaderen ghedh-
gaffele ghabh(o)lo-
gaffel ghabh(o)lo-
galle 1. gel-
gene eno-
getes dā
ghebuer bheu-
ghebure bheu-
gherde g̑herdh-
grēme ghrēi-
grīme ghrēi-
grommen 2. ghrem-
grūwen 2. ghrēu-
gulden 1. g̑hel-
haest k̑ēi-bh-
halen 6. kel-
hals 1. kel-
heiden kaito-
henge k̑enk-
hertebeest 1. k̑er-
hille 1. kel-
hil 1. kel-
hoecboot keg-
hoec keg-
hoekijn kag̑o-
hoep 2. keu-
hommel 2. kem-
houden 5. kel-
hul 1. kel-
huusblase 3. bhel-
ir-quisten gei̯ə-
kacken kakka-
kiel 2. gel-
klippe 1. gel-
knorre gen-
leger legh-
lichten legh-
lichter legh-
lof leubh-
loopen 1. ku̯elp-
mannekijn manu-s
man manu-s
marcgrave gerebh-
marct merk̑-
mart merk̑-
mattenoot neu-d-
mēwe 1. mū̆-
mersch mori
miere moru̯ī̆-
milte 1. mel-
mist meig̑h-
mite 1. mai-
nocke 1. ken-
not 1. ken-
ongetes dā
ongethes dā
oor ū̆d-
oproer k̑erə-
paden pent-
pad pent-
pegge bak-
pīl 1. peis-?
pijl pi-lo-
pleyen dhl̥gh-
pocke 2. b(e)u-
quac- 2. gēb(h)-
quic 3. gei̯-
quisten gei̯ə-
rec 1. reg̑-
rimpen (s)kerb(h)-
ringen 1. ker-
roeck 1. ker-
roer k̑erə-
roest kred-
roge 2. krek-
rollen ret(h)-
room reugh-m(e)n-
roven 2. reu-
rover 2. reu-
saet 2. sē(i)-
sap sap-
schateren (s)k(h)ed-
schelpe 1. (s)kel-
scherm 4. (s)ker-
schillede 1. (s)kel-
schipper skē̆i-
schip skē̆i-
schōle 1. (s)kel-
schope 2. (s)kē̆p-
schreef 4. (s)ker-
schrinken 3. (s)ker-
schriven 4. (s)ker-
schrubben 4. (s)ker-
schum 2. (s)keu-
see sāi-
shiten skē̆i-
siek seug-
sledde (s)leidh-
slicht 3. lei-
slop sleub(h)-
smacken smeg(h)-
snacken snā-
snoere snusós
snoer snusós
somer 3. sem-
somp su̯omb(h)o-s
spannen 2. sp(h)ei
spec 3. sp(h)ē(i)-
spierlinc 1. (s)p(h)ē̆i-
spier 1. (s)p(h)ē̆i-
spike 1. (s)p(h)ē̆i-
splitten (s)plei-
spoiten (s)p(h)i̯ēu-
sprayen 2. (s)p(h)er-
springhen sperg̑h-
spring sperg̑h-
stapel steb(h)-
steken (s)teig-
stel 3. stel-
stijf stē̆ib(h)-
stripe 4. ster-
stuken 1. (s)teu-
sudse 4. seu-
swanc su̯eng-
swijch su̯ē̆(i)-
tac 2. dek̑-
taken dēg-
talch 4. del-
tiden dā
t-oenen ok-
tonghe dn̥g̑hū
toom deuk-
trappe 3. der-
treden 3. der-
troose deru-
twijn du̯ō(u)
twist du̯ō(u)
varken pork̑o-s
vast pasto-
veerdel dā
veest 2. peis-
veld pelə-
verlof leubh-
verrompelen 2a. per-
vieren 2a. per-
Vlaminc bheleg-
vluuwe pleu-
vor-hanc k̑enk-
vracht ēik-
vrīdah prāi-
vrolijc 2. lē̆ig-
vuysten pn̥ksti-
vuyst pn̥ksti-
wāien 10. au̯(e)-
wade 5. au̯-
waede 5. au̯-
wafel 1. u̯ebh-
wafer 1. u̯ebh-
wagenschot 2. (s)keud-
wagen u̯eg̑h-
walken 7. u̯el-
welteren 7. u̯el-
wendeltrappe 3. der-
wesen 1. u̯es-
wetten kē̆d-
wijs-segger 2. u̯(e)id-
wiket 4. u̯eik-
wimmel u̯eip-
wippen u̯eip-
witinc 3. k̑uei-
wit 3. k̑uei-
woensdach ā̆g̑her-
wrastelen 3c. u̯er-

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