Indo-European Lexicon

Avestan Reflex Index

Below we list 299 unique Avestan reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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Avestan reflex index
Reflex Etyma
ərəzatam ar(e)-g̑-
θraxta- 1. trenk-
θrayō trei-
θriš trei-
θritya- trei-
aδāiti ed-
āfš 2. ā̆p-
aŋhu- ansu-
åntyå 3. an(ə)-
ąšnaoiti enek̑-
ā-zaintiš 2. g̑en-
ązanhē ang̑h-
ązō ang̑h-
adadā 2. dhē-
aēiti 1. ei-
aēša- 3. e-
aēva- oi-no-
aēxa 2. ei-s-
ahura- ansu-
ahurō 3. an(ə)-
aipi epi
Airya ario-?
aiti eti
aiwi-γnixta- ghen-
ana 4. an- , eno-
anyadā 1. al-
aojō au̯eg-
aparam apo-
aparō apo-
apa apo-
arəšō ŕ̥k̑þo-s
arəšyant- 2. ere-s-
arəząh ar(e)-g̑-
ar- 3. er-
ašnō 2. ak̑-
aštəma- ok̑tō(u)
ašta ok̑tō(u)
aspa- ek̑u̯o-s
aspō ek̑u̯o-s
asrūazan- dak̑ru-
avaiti 7. au̯-
ava- 4. au-
ayah- ai̯os-
azaiti ag̑-
azan- ā̆g̑her-
azem eg̑-
*azrā ag̑ro-s
azrō-daiðim ag̑ro-s
bərəzant- bhereg̑h-
bərəz- bhereg̑h-
bā 2. bhē̆
bakhsh- 1. bhag-
bandayaiti bhendh-
banta bhen-
baoδaiti bheudh-
baoðayeiti bheudh-
barəzah- bhereg̑h-
barəziš bhelg̑h-
baraiti 1. bher-
bavaiti bheu-
berezanh bhereg̑h-
bhrātar- bhrā́ter-
biš du̯ō(u)
brātā bhrā́ter-
brāzaiti bherəg̑-
brāza- bherəg̑-
būza- bhū̆g̑o-s
čəvīšī 1. keu-
-ča 1. ke
čaθru- ketu̯er-
čaθwārō ketu̯er-
čaiti ko-
čarəman- 4. (s)ker-
čikayat̰ 1. kei(-t)-
carāiti 1. kel-
caxra- 1. kel-
ciþrō (s)kāi-
cit ko-
dəmąna- dem-
dərətō 4. der-
dərəzra- 2. dher-
dādarəsa derk̑-
-dāenuš dhē(i)-
dąhah- 1. dens-
dąhišta- 1. dens-
dąh- 1. dens-
dāta- 2. dhē-
dāuru- deru-
dāy- dhei̯ə-
dā- dhei̯ə-
dab- dhebh-
daēman- dhei̯ə-
daēva- 1. dei-
daēzayeiti dheig̑h-
daēza- dheig̑h-
daibitya du̯ō(u)
dam- dem-
dantan- ed-
daðāiti 2. dhē-
darəgō 5. del-
daršti- derk̑-
darz- 2. dher-
dar- 2. dher-
dašinō 1. dek̑-
dasəmō dek̑m̥
datā ed-
dažaiti dhegh-
drājō 5. del-
drvaēna- deru-
drva- 2. dher-
duγðar dhug(h)əter-
dūrāt̰ 3. deu-
dunman- 4. dheu-
duš- dus-
duž- dus-
dvaidī dhau-
dvarəm dhu̯ē̆r-
dvar̥m dhu̯ē̆r-
dva du̯ō(u)
frāvayōit pleu-
frašna- 4. perk̑-
fra-šnuš 1. g̑enu-
frīnāiti prāi-
fryō prāi-
fšu- 2. pek̑-
gənā gē̆nā
gərəða- g̑herdh-
gərəwnāiti 1. ghrebh-
gāuš gou-
garəmo gher-
gava gou̯ə-
gouru- 2. ger-
granta- 2. ghrem-
hāma- 2. sem-
hama 3. sem-
haptaθa- septm̥
hapta septm̥
haurvaiti 2. ser-
haurva- solo-
hazah- seg̑h-
ha- so(s)
hištaiti stā-
īšti- ēik-
irinaḫti leik-
ise ēik-
isu- 2. ei-s-
ǰąni- gē̆nā
ǰaiδyemi ghedh-
ǰaini- gē̆nā
ǰainti 2. ghen(-ə)-
ǰvaiti 3. gei̯-
ǰyā-tu 3. gei̯-
jamaiti gā-
jasaiti gā-
kəhrp- 1. krep-
kərənaoiti 1. ker-
kərəntaiti 4. (s)ker-
kaēnā 1. kei(-t)-
karana- kert-
kara- (s)kalo-s
karšu 1. kel-
ka- ko-
maγna nog-
mātar- mātér-
mā 1. me-
madu- médhu
mad- 1. med-
maibyā 1. me-
mairya- 2. mel-
manyeite 3. men-
mar- (s)mer-
mi-mara- (s)mer-
miryeite 4. mer-
nāf 1. enebh-
nāh- nas-
naoma- e-neu̯en
napta- 2. enebh-
nasaiti enek̑-
nava e-neu̯en
nemah 1. nem-
nmāna- dem-
pərəsaiti 4. perk̑-
paθana- 1. pet-
-pārayeite 2b. per-
pad- 2. pē̆d-
pairi-daēza- dheig̑h-
pairi 2a. per-
panča penke
par-åntyå 3. an(ə)-
pataiti 2. pet-
pa-zdayeiti apo-
pitar- pətḗ(r)
puxδa- penke
raθa ret(h)-
raēz- leig̑h-
raočah- leuk-
raog@h%na reugh-m(e)n-
raoiδita- reudh-
raz- 1. reg̑-
-šmar- (s)mer-
saēte 1. k̑ei-
safa kā̆pho-
sarəða- k̑erdho-
sarah- 1. k̑er-
satəm dek̑m̥
skarəna- 3. (s)ker-
snāvarə snēu-
snaēžaiti sneigh-
spərəzan- sp(h)elg̑h(en)
span- k̑u̯on-
sr̥vā 1. k̑er-
srū- 1. k̑er-
stərənāti 5. ster-
stāitiš stā-
stārəm 2. stē̆r-
stārō 2. stē̆r-
staman- stomen-
stū̆nā stā-
surunaoiti 1. k̑leu-
təmah- tem(ə)-
tərəs- tres-
tāpaiti tep-
tafnuš tep-
tanava 1. ten-
taršu- ters-
tašaiti tek̑þ-
taša- tek̑þ-
tav- tēu-
thwązǰaiti tu̯eng̑h-
thwar tu̯erk̑-
tighra- (s)teig-
tigra- (s)teig-
tūiri- tēu-
tūm tū̆
tū tū̆
ūna- 1. eu-
uχšyeiti au̯eg-
ubdaēna- 1. u̯ebh-
ugra- au̯eg-
ushā au̯es-
ută 4. au-
vəhrko u̯l̥kos
vąhuš u̯ē̆su-
vāiti 10. au̯(e)-
vaχšaiti au̯eg-
vātō 10. au̯(e)-
vacah- u̯ek-
vadū 2. u̯edh-
vaēðe 2. u̯(e)id-
vaēso u̯eik̑-
vaiδi 9. au̯(e)-
vana 1. u̯en-
vanghaiti 1. u̯es-
vað 5. au̯-
var̥na 4. u̯el-
varəta- 8. u̯el-
varət- 3h. u̯er-
varəz- 1. u̯erg̑-
vaste 5. u̯es-
vayuš 10. au̯(e)-
vazaiti u̯eg̑h-
vazyam u̯eg̑h-
vīsaiti u̯eik̑-
vīs- u̯eik̑-
x˅afna- 1. su̯ep-
x˅ap- 1. su̯ep-
x˅ar- 1. su̯el(-k)-
xrūra- 1. kreu-
xštva- su̯ek̑s
xšvaš su̯ek̑s
xvara 4. su̯er-
yākarə i̯ē̆k-r̥(t-)
yāsta- i̯ō[u]s-
yavan 3. i̯eu-
žanva 1. g̑enu-
zərəd- k̑ered-
zaŋgəm g̑hengh-
zānāiti 2. g̑en-
zānu- 2. g̑enu-
zāta 1. g̑en-
zā g̑hðem-
zaeša- gheis-
zafan- g̑ep(h)-
zafarə g̑ep(h)-
zairina- 1. g̑hel-
zairis 1. g̑hel-
zana- 1. g̑en-
zan- 1. g̑en- , 2. g̑en-
zaoš- g̑eus-
zaotor 1. g̑heu-
zaranya- 1. g̑hel-
zar- g̑er-
zasta- g̑hesto-
zayeite 1. g̑en-
zazāiti g̑hengh-
za-zāmi 1. g̑hē-
zīzənti 1. g̑en-
zōišnu- gheis-
zraz-dā- k̑ered-

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