Indo-European Lexicon

Medieval Latin Reflex Index

Below we list 590 unique Medieval Latin reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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Medieval Latin reflex index
Reflex Etyma
abstractus trāgh-
accognitare 2. g̑en-
accognito 2. g̑en-
accostare kost-
accosto kost-
acoluthus 2. sem-
acolytus 2. sem-
actuare ag̑-
actuatus ag̑-
actuavi ag̑-
actuo ag̑-
acuta 2. ak̑-
adcognitare 2. g̑en-
adcognito 2. g̑en-
adverāre 11. u̯er-
adverō 11. u̯er-
aequiponderatus 1. (s)pen(-d)-
aetiologia leg̑-
affidare 1. bheidh-
affido 1. bheidh-
affiliāre dhē(i)-
affiliatus dhē(i)-
affiliavi dhē(i)-
affiliō dhē(i)-
affixare dhēig-
affixo dhēig-
afforestare dhu̯ē̆r-
afforesto dhu̯ē̆r-
alba albho-
albellus albho-
alburnus albho-
aliquotus ko-
almārium 1. ar-
alterāre 1. al-
alterō 1. al-
amarellum om- , om-
amativus am(m)a
ambactia ag̑-
amicitas am(m)a
amictus i̯ē-
amma am(m)a
analysis 2. leu-
anasarca tu̯erk̑-
ana 4. an-
anchōrīta 1. g̑hē-
anniversāria at- , 3h. u̯er-
annuitas at-
annuitatis at-
anormalis 2. g̑en-
antependium 1. (s)pen(-d)-
anthēra andh-
Antinomus 1. nem-
antinomus 1. nem-
antitypus ant-s , 1. (s)teu-
anti- ant-s
aperitivus 5. u̯er-
apodixa deik̑-
apothēcārius 2. dhē-
appānāre pā-
appāno pā-
appenticium 1. (s)pen(-d)-
aqueus akā-
archivoltum 7. u̯el-
armata 1. ar-
armilla 1. ar-
articus ŕ̥k̑þo-s
artista 1. ar-
assessus sed-
assidēre sed-
assideō sed-
assimilare 2. sem-
assimilatus 2. sem-
assimilo 2. sem-
astrolabium (s)lā̆g-
athanasia 4. dheu-
attritionis 3. ter-
attritio 3. ter-
auctōrizāre au̯eg-
aureatus au̯es-
aureola au̯es-
aurifrigium au̯es-
*bāiulīvus bak-
bacillus bak-
bandum 1. bhā-
bannus 2. bhā-
barbātōr bhardhā
barbacana 5. u̯er-
*barbellus bhardhā
barbus bhardhā
bedellus bheudh-
beneficium 2. deu- , 2. dhē-
billa 2. b(e)u-
binomium en(o)mn̥-
binomius en(o)mn̥-
bis-coctus pek-
blondos bhlendh-
blundus bhlendh-
bonacia 2. deu-
botellus gu̯et-
bruscus 3. u̯er-
bubonis 2. b(e)u-
bubo 2. b(e)u-
bulla 2. b(e)u-
burgare bhereg̑h-
burgator bhereg̑h-
burgatus bhereg̑h-
burglator bhereg̑h-
burgo bhereg̑h-
Caliburnus 1. kal-
cambium (s)kamb-
cantus kan-tho-
capitale kap-ut
capitulare kap-ut
capitulatus kap-ut
capitulavi kap-ut
capitulo kap-ut
capitulum kap-ut
capulum kap-
carnale 4. (s)ker-
carnaticum 4. (s)ker-
carraria 2. k̑ers-
castellare k̑es-
castellatus k̑es-
castellavi k̑es-
castello k̑es-
catalepsia (s)lā̆g-
cenith 2. mei-
choralis 4. g̑her-
chorista 4. g̑her-
chorus 4. g̑her-
-chroma 2. ghrēu-
chromat- 2. ghrēu-
ciliare 4. k̑el-
cilio 4. k̑el-
cingulus 1. kenk-
clausa klēu-
claustrum klēu-
clavichordium klēu-
colatorium kagh-
colluvium lou-
comestibilis ed-
comitatus 1. ei-
commensalis 3. mē-
commodiosus 1. med-
commūnia 2. mei-
compendium 1. (s)pen(-d)-
compostum apo-
concernere 4. (s)ker-
concerno 4. (s)ker-
confrater bhrā́ter-
connotare 2. g̑en-
connoto 2. g̑en-
constipatus stē̆ib(h)-
contrabannum 2. bhā-
contrata kom
convenium gā-
conventus gā-
convergere 3d. u̯er-
convergō 3d. u̯er-
copia 1. op-
cordialis k̑ered-
corporale 1. krep-
corrogata 1. reg̑-
cranium 1. k̑er-
crata kert-
credentia k̑ered-
cultivare 1. kel-
cultivatus 1. kel-
cultivavi 1. kel-
cultivo 1. kel-
cultivus 1. kel-
cursarius 2. k̑ers-
cursivus 2. k̑ers-
dalfinus gelbh-
decimalis dek̑m̥
defamāre 2. bhā-
defamō 2. bhā-
demandāre mə-r
demandō mə-r
depauperāre pōu-
depauperatus pōu-
depauperō pōu-
deplumāre pleus-
deplumō pleus-
deponere apo-
deprivāre 2a. per-
deprivō 2a. per-
diaphanus 1. bhā-
dieta 1. dei-
discantus kan-
discursus 2. k̑ers-
disfacere 2. dhē-
disfaciō 2. dhē-
dispēnsāre 1. (s)pen(-d)-
dispēnsō 1. (s)pen(-d)-
distringere 2. streig-
distringo 2. streig-
disvestio 5. u̯es-
disvestire 5. u̯es-
divergere 3d. u̯er-
divergo 3d. u̯er-
divinus 1. dei-
doctor 1. dek̑-
dominionis dem-
dominio dem-
domnus dem-
domus dem-
dotarium dō-
doxologia 1. dek̑-
dyscrasia k̑erə-
eccentricus k̑ent-
embolismus 2. gel-
encyclopaedia pōu-
entitas es-
enula 7. u̯el-
epitaphium dhembh-
epocha seg̑h-
equinoxium nek-(t-)
equiponderāre 1. (s)pen(-d)-
equiponderō 1. (s)pen(-d)-
examitum 4. mei-
exemplificare em-
exemplifico em-
expatriāre pətḗ(r)
expatriatus pətḗ(r)
expatriō pətḗ(r)
explicitus plek̑-
expropriare 2a. per-
expropriatus 2a. per-
exproprio 2a. per-
extraneare eg̑hs
extraneo eg̑hs
facultas 2. dhē-
facultatis 2. dhē-
fello 1. g̑hel-
feodum 2. pek̑-
feralis g̑hu̯ē̆r-
feria dhēs-
filamentum gheiə-
filtāre 2a. pel-
filtō 2a. pel-
filtratus 2a. pel-
filtrum 2a. pel-
forestis dhu̯ē̆r-
formicarium moru̯ī̆-
fortalitia bhereg̑h-
fossorius 1. bhedh-
frangere 1. bhreg̑-
frangibilis 1. bhreg̑-
frango 1. bhreg̑-
fraternalis bhrā́ter-
granica g̑er-
grata kert-
gratitudo 4. ger(ə)-
hereditamentum 1. g̑hē-
heterogeneus 1. g̑en-
heterogenus 1. g̑en-
hierarcha 1. eis-
holcas selk-
horarius 1. ei-
hospitale ghosti-s
hypothecāre 2. dhē-
hypothecō 2. dhē-
identicus 3. e-
immurāre 1. mei-
immurō 1. mei-
impalāre pā̆k̑-
impalō pā̆k̑-
incinerare 2. ken-
incineratus 2. ken-
incineravi 2. ken-
incinero 2. ken-
incontrāre kom
incontrō kom
influentia bhleu-
ingrossare gretso-
ingrosso gretso-
installare 3. stel-
installo 3. stel-
instans stā-
instantis stā-
interludium leid-
intermediatus medhi-
intralia 1. en
introitus 1. ei-
invaginare 1. u̯ā̆g-
invagino 1. u̯ā̆g-
irradicabilis u̯(e)rād-
iterāre 1. ei-
iterō 1. ei-
jurista i̯eu̯os-
kalendarium 6. kel-
lacrimalis dak̑ru-
laganum legh-
laubia leup-
lavandarius lou-
lavandula (s)lī-
lavatorium lou-
lectorinum leg̑-
legenda leg̑-
legista leg̑-
legitimāre leg̑-
legitimātus leg̑-
legitimāvī leg̑-
legitimō leg̑-
lenitivus 3. lē(i)-
lia legh-
ligamentum 4. leig-
linchinus leuk-
litargia 2. u̯erg̑-
literatim deph-
litteralis deph-
lobia leup-
lūna leuk-
lubricus sleub(h)-
ludere leid-
ludō leid-
lupus u̯l̥kos
machicolare 1. kel-
machicolatus 1. kel-
machicolavi 1. kel-
machicolo 1. kel-
malleāre 1. mel-
malleabilis 1. mel-
malleō 1. mel-
manipulus mə-r
manuopera 1. op-
manutenēre 1. ten-
manuteneo 1. ten-
marca mereg̑-
marcensis mereg̑-
marchionissa mereg̑-
marchionis mereg̑-
marchio mereg̑-
matriculare mātér-
matriculatus mātér-
matriculavi mātér-
matriculo mātér-
mediāre medhi-
mediātus medhi-
mediāvī medhi-
mediatus medhi-
mediō medhi-
mercedes merk̑-
merces merk̑-
merulus ames-
meteorum 1. u̯er-
misercordia k̑ered-
missaticum smeit-
mixta mei-k̑-
modalis 1. med-
monodia 6. au̯-
Monophysita bheu-
motivus 2. meu̯-
musaicum 3. men-
nigromantia nek̑-
nominalis en(o)mn̥-
Norwegia u̯eg̑h-
notorius 2. g̑en-
novena e-neu̯en
nuncupativus kap-
obituarium 1. ei-
octava ok̑tō(u)
oeconomia 1. nem-
officinalis 1. op-
officina 1. op-
omniscientia skē̆i-
opticus ok-
ordinantia 1. ar-
ordinis 1. ar-
ordo 1. ar-
ovalis ō(u̯)i̯-om
pagina pā̆k̑-
parabolāre 2. gel-
parabolō 2. gel-
paragraphus gerebh-
paraphernalia 1. bher-
paroxysmus 2. ak̑-
paternoster 3. ne-
patina 1. pet-
patronus pətḗ(r)
pedo 2. pē̆d-
pellicium 3b. pel-
pellicula 3b. pel-
pera 2b. per-
peregrinus ag̑ro-s
periodus sed-
perspectivus spek̑-
pica (s)pī̆ko-
pincta 1. peig-
piscaria peisk-
piscina peisk-
pistāre 1. peis-?
pistō 1. peis-?
placitum 1. plā-k-
plagalis 2. plāk-
plenipotentiarius 1. pel-
plenipotentia 1. pel-
plethora 1. pel-
plica plek̑-
poenalitas 1. kei(-t)-
porcopiscis peisk-
portale 2b. per-
portalis 2b. per-
postulāre 4. perk̑-
postulatum 4. perk̑-
postulatus 4. perk̑-
postulō 4. perk̑-
praebenda ghabh-
praecinctum 1. kenk-
praedomināri dem-
praedominor dem-
praeemere em-
praeemi em-
praeemptus em-
praelatus 1. tel-
praelūdere leid-
praelūdō leid-
praeludium leid-
praemio em-
praemunio 1. mei-
praemunire 1. mei-
praepositus apo-
praescribere 4. (s)ker-
praescribo 4. (s)ker-
praeservāre 2. ser-
praeservō 2. ser-
preambulum ambhi
prephatia 2. bhā-
primas 2a. per-
primatis 2a. per-
privitas 2a. per-
privitatis 2a. per-
proba 2a. per-
promptāre em-
promptō em-
propositus apo-
provenda ghabh-
pullanus pōu-
punctualis peuk̑-
punctuare peuk̑-
punctuatus peuk̑-
punctuo peuk̑-
qualificare 2. dhē-
qualifico 2. dhē-
quidditas ko-
quodlibetum leubh-
quotāre ko-
quotō ko-
ramificare 2. dhē-
ramifico 2. dhē-
rata 1. ar-
realis 1. reg̑-
recommendare mə-r
recommendo mə-r
recriminare 4. (s)ker-
recriminatus 4. (s)ker-
recrimino 4. (s)ker-
rectangulus 1. reg̑-
rectificare 2. dhē-
rectifico 2. dhē-
reductus deuk-
refluxus bhleu-
regens 1. reg̑-
regentis 1. reg̑-
regulus 1. reg̑-
regurgitare 1. ger-
regurgitatus 1. ger-
regurgitavi 1. ger-
regurgito 1. ger-
relevans legh-
relevantis legh-
reliquia leik-
remorsūs 5. mer-
remorsus 5. mer-
renegāre 1. nĕ
renegātus 1. nĕ
renegāvī 1. nĕ
renegō 1. nĕ
respectus spek̑-
retina 5. er-
retrocedere sed-
retrocedo sed-
rotabulum 2. reu-
rotarius ret(h)-
rota ret(h)-
sacristanus sak-
samitum 4. mei-
scacci kþē(i)-
scarlata 1. sek- , 1. sek-
sclerosis 3. (s)kel-
scotomatis skot-
scotoma skot-
scribillare 4. (s)ker-
scribillo 4. (s)ker-
scriptorium 4. (s)ker-
scrofula 4. (s)ker-
secretarius 4. (s)ker-
senectitudo sen(o)-
senior sen(o)-
sentimentum sent-
separalis 2d. per-
seracium 1. ser-
sermonis 4. ser-
sermo 4. ser-
sextuplus 3a. pel-
simultaneus 2. sem-
situāre 1. k̑ei-
situātus 1. k̑ei-
situāvī 1. k̑ei-
situō 1. k̑ei-
soca sāg-
sole sā́u̯el-
sororitas su̯esor-
sors 4. ser-
sortilegium leg̑-
sortis 4. ser-
spēsa 1. (s)pen(-d)-
spenda 1. (s)pen(-d)-
spergula *(s)p(h)ereg-
spiralis 3. sper-
sporadicus 2. (s)p(h)er-
stallum 3. stel-
subordināre 1. ar-
subordinātus 1. ar-
subordinō 1. ar-
substratum 5. ster-
subtanus upo
suffraganeus 1. bhreg̑-
suffragium 1. bhreg̑-
superannuari at-
superannuatus at-
superannuor at-
superpellicium 3b. pel-
superplus 1. pel-
supervidēre 2. u̯(e)id-
supervideo 2. u̯(e)id-
supponere apo-
suppono apo-
supposui apo-
talea tāl-
tallia tāl-
tasca tag-
taxare tag-
taxo tag-
telarium tek̑þ-
tendonis 1. ten-
tendo 1. ten-
Tenebrae tem(ə)-
tenementum 1. ten-
tenitura 1. ten-
terraplenum 1. pel-
terrarius ters-
tertiarius trei-
throphania 1. bhā-
thuia 4. dheu-
timocratia 1. kei(-t)-
tonsura 1. tem-
totalis tēu-
trachea 1. dher-
tremulare trem-
tremulo trem-
trepanum 3. ter-
turbaria derbh-
tympanum 1. (s)teu-
ultimatus 1. al-
ultramarinus mori
ultramontanus 1. men-
unctuosus ong-
unisonus su̯en-
uvula ōg-
uxoricidium euk-
validus u̯al-
valor u̯al-
vassallus upo
vassellittus upo
vassus upo
verificare 11. u̯er-
verifico 11. u̯er-
versionis 3h. u̯er-
versio 3h. u̯er-
vicecomes 1. ei-
vicecomitis 1. ei-
vilipendere 1. (s)pen(-d)-
vilipendō 1. (s)pen(-d)-
villanus u̯eik̑-
vivanda 3. gei̯-
volitionis 2. u̯el-
volitio 2. u̯el-
wismutum 3. k̑uei-

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