Indo-European Lexicon

New Latin Reflex Index

Below we list 678 unique New Latin reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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New Latin reflex index
Reflex Etyma
abuliae 2. gel-
abulia 2. gel-
achaenium 2. g̑hē-
acidanthera andh-
adeptus 1. ap-
adnexa 1. ned-
aechmea ā̆ik̑-
aecium 3. u̯eik-
aedes su̯ād-
-aemia sei-
Aepyornis 1. er-
aestheticus 8. au̯-
agapanthus andh-
Ageratum g̑er-
-agogon ag̑-
-agogue ag̑-
agoraphobia 1. ger-
Alca 1. el-
alexia leg̑-
algolagnia (s)lēg-
altocumulus 2. al-
altostratus 2. al-
alūmina alu-
alveolus au-lo-s
alyssum u̯l̥kos
amaranthus 5. mer-
amblyopia 1. mel-
amenorrhea 3. mē- , mēnōt
amentum 3. men-
amnesia 3. men-
amoeba mei-g-
Amphibia ambhi , 3. gei̯-
amphimixis mei-k̑-
amphioxus 2. ak̑-
amplexicaulis plek̑-
Anabaena gā-
anabiosis 3. gei̯-
anacrusis 3. kreu-
anagrammatis gerebh-
anagramma gerebh-
analecta leg̑-
analysis 2. leu-
anamnesis 3. men-
anasarca tu̯erk̑-
Ancylostoma stomen-
ancylostomiasis stomen-
androecium u̯eik̑-
anemia sei-
anesthesia 8. au̯-
anilingus āno-
aniseikonia 3. u̯eik-
ankylosis 2. ank-
anorexia 1. reg̑-
anosmia 1. od-
anthera andh-
anthesis andh-
anthologia leg̑-
Anthurium ers-
Anura ers-
aorta 1. u̯er-
aphelion sā́u̯el-
aphonia 2. bhā-
apnea pneu-
apomixis mei-k̑-
apophysis bheu-
apothecium 2. dhē-
applicata 1. ar-
apteryx 2. pet-
archaeopteryx 2. pet-
archegonium 1. g̑en-
armistitium stā-
arteriola 1. u̯er-
artiodactylus 1. ar-
asthenia seg̑h-
astragalus ost(h)-
asymptotus 2. pet-
atheismus dhēs-
atmosphaera 1. u̯āt-
auxesis au̯eg-
avifauna au̯ei- , dhau-
axon ag̑-
azalea ā̆s-
bacterium bak-
barbellatus bhardhā
barbella bhardhā
barbicella bhardhā
baryta 2. ger-
biennium at-
binomium en(o)mn̥-
biota 3. gei̯-
bisemūtum 3. k̑uei-
bistorta du̯ō(u)
botulinus gu̯et-
bregmatos mregh-m(n)o-
bregma mregh-m(n)o-
bronchus 1. ger-
bulla 2. b(e)u-
byre bheu-
Calamites k̑oləmo-s
calomelas 2. kal-
calvarium keləu̯o-
calyptra 4. k̑el-
cambium (s)kamb-
carina 3. kar-
carpellum 4. (s)ker-
-carpium 4. (s)ker-
-carpus 4. (s)ker-
catamenia kom , mēnōt
catatonia 1. ten-
centrifugus 1. bheug-
ceratodus ed-
chalcopyrites ghel(ē̆)g̑h-
chaos g̑hēu-
chelicera 1. k̑er-
chorion 5. g̑her-
chrestomathia mendh-
chromium 2. ghrēu-
chromonema (s)nē-
cladodium 3. kel-
clavatus klēu-
-clinus k̑lei-
clitoris k̑lei-
clonus 5. kel-
coleoptilum 2. pet-
coleorhiza u̯(e)rād-
coleus 4. k̑el-
collodium 1. od-
colluvium lou-
comedo ed-
conidium 2. ken-
cordatus k̑ered-
coreopsis 4. (s)ker-
cormus 4. (s)ker-
corydalis 1. k̑er-
cosmopolis 1. pel-
cricoides 3. (s)ker-
cumulus 1. k̑eu-
cutaneus 2. (s)keu-
cyclosis 1. kel-
cyma 1. k̑eu-
cypripedium 2. pē̆d-
cystis k̑u̯es-
-cyta 2. (s)keu-
decagonum dek̑m̥
decantare kan-tho-
decanto kan-tho-
decimalis dek̑m̥
decrepitare 1. ker-
decrepitatus 1. ker-
decrepitavi 1. ker-
decrepito 1. ker-
Deinotherium g̑hu̯ē̆r-
delphinium gelbh-
-derma 4. der-
derma 3. ter-
deuterium 3. deu-
dextrorsus 3. u̯er-
diagnosis 2. g̑en-
dialysis 2. leu-
dianthus andh-
diapedesis 2. pē̆d-
diaphysis bheu-
diarthrosis 1. ar-
diathesis 2. dhē-
Dicentra k̑ent-
dichasium du̯ō(u)
diffractionis 1. bhreg̑-
diffractio 1. bhreg̑-
dioicus u̯eik̑-
diphtheria deph-
diplodocus 1. dek̑-
diploe du̯ō(u)
dolichocephalus 5. del-
dolich- 5. del-
-dromus 3. der-
drosera 2. ere-s-
drosophila 2. ere-s-
drupa pek-
dyscrasia k̑erə-
dysprosium 1. ei-
ecchymosis 1. g̑heu-
ecdysis 1. deu-
ecesis u̯eik̑-
echidna ang(h)i-
ectasia 1. ten-
ectasis 1. ten-
edema oid-
Elaps 2. lep-
elasticus 6. el-
elater 6. el-
eluvium lou-
elytron 7. u̯el-
-emia sei-
emphysema 1. pū̆-
emulsio mē̆lg̑-
emunctorium 2. meug-
enarthrosis 1. ar-
endocardium k̑ered-
endosmosis 1. u̯edh-
endosteum ost(h)-
endothelium dhē(i)-
end- 1. en
-ennium at-
enuresis 9. au̯(e)-
eohippus ek̑u̯o-s
Ephedra sed-
epicardium k̑ered-
epididymis du̯ō(u)
epigastrium gras-
epiphysis bheu-
epistasis stā-
epithelium dhē(i)-
epi- epi
eremurus ers-
erythema reudh-
estrus 1. eis-
ethos se-
eucalyptus 4. k̑el-
euonymus en(o)mn̥-
euphoria 1. bher-
eupnea pneu-
eury- 9. u̯er-
exegesis sāg-
exergum 2. u̯erg̑-
exostosis ost(h)-
extrorsus 3. u̯er-
facies 2. dhē-
factitivus 2. dhē-
factotum tēu-
fastigiatus bhares-
fastigium bhares-
fauna dhau-
febrifuga 1. bheug-
fellationis dhē(i)-
fellatio dhē(i)-
fetus dhē(i)-
filaria gheiə-
filum gheiə-
flabellum 3. bhel-
Flagellata bhlag̑-
flagellatus bhlag̑-
Flora 4. bhel-
flora 4. bhel-
florilegium leg̑-
fluor bhleu-
focī bhok-
focus bhok-
folio 1. reg̑-
folium 4. bhel-
fornix bh(e)reu-
fossa 1. bhedh-
fraxinella bherəg̑-
frustum 2. bhreu-s-
fundus bhudh-m(e)n
fungibilis 4. bheug-
Gallinula 2. gal-
gastrula gras-
gastr- gras-
geranium 2. ger-
gladiolus 3. kel-
glochidium glōgh-
glossa glōgh-
-gnathus 2. g̑enu-
gomphosis g̑embh-
gonadis 1. g̑en-
gonas 1. g̑en-
-gonum 1. g̑enu-
Grossularia 3. ger-
gynoecium gē̆nā
-gynus gē̆nā
hastatus 1. g̑hasto-
haustellum aus-
haustorium aus-
-hedron sed-
helium sā́u̯el-
hemeralopia āmer-
hemerocallis 2. kal-
hemoptysis (s)p(h)i̯ēu-
heuristicus 4. u̯er-
hibernaculum 2. g̑hei-
hidrosis 2. su̯eid-
hippocampus ek̑u̯o-s
Hominis g̑hðem-
Homo g̑hðem-
Hydra 9. au̯(e)-
hyperbola 2. gel-
hypochondria ghren-
hypophysis bheu-
hypostasis stā-
hypotaxis tāg-
ichthyornis 1. er-
imprimatur 3. per-
imprimere 3. per-
imprimo 3. per-
incunabulum 1. k̑ei-
inertia 1. ar-
intercostalis kost-
iridium 1. u̯ei-
jugum 2. i̯eu-
-kinesis kēi-
kinesthesia kēi-
lārva las-
labium lē̆b-
labrum lē̆b-
lamella 2. stel-
lantana lento-
lanthanum 2. lā-
latex lat-
lectionis leg̑-
lectio leg̑-
libidinis leubh-
libido leubh-
ligula dn̥g̑hū
limacinus 3. lei-
logarithmus 1. ar-
lumbaris 2. lendh-
lycanthropus u̯l̥kos
lychnis leuk-
lycopodium 2. pē̆d-
lymphadenitis eng-
lymphaden eng-
lymph- eng-
lyo- 2. leu-
lysis 2. leu-
Malacozoa leg̑-
malleus 1. mel-
mantis 3. men-
manubrium mə-r
manus mə-r
mastodontis ed-
mastodon ed-
mediastinum medhi-
Megatherium g̑hu̯ē̆r-
meninx mēmso-
meniscus mēnōt
merganser g̑han-s-
-merus (s)mer-
mesenterium 1. en
mesonephros eng-
mesothelium dhē(i)-
metallurgia 2. u̯erg̑-
metanephros eng-
metastasis stā-
miasma 2. mai-
micron smē-
milium 1. mel-
millennium at-
miscibilis mei-k̑-
missionis smeit-
missio smeit-
mitochondrion ghren-
mitosis 4. mei-
modulus 1. med-
mola 1. mel-
molecula mō-
Mollusca 1. mel-
momentum 2. meu̯-
monoclinus k̑lei-
moratorium (s)mer-
morphallaxis 1. al-
morula (s)mer-
muscaria 2. mū-
mycelium 7. u̯el-
mycorrhiza u̯(e)rād-
-myelia mūs
myiasis 2. mū-
myocardium k̑ered-
myopia ok-
myosotis 2. ōus-
nautilus 1. nāus-
neotenia 1. ten-
neurilemma 7. u̯el-
neuroglia 1. gel-
neuron snēu-
nidus sed-
noctiluca leuk-
noma 1. nem-
nostalgia nes-
notornis 1. er-
nova neu̯os
nucellus 1. ken-
nucleus 1. ken-
nystagmus 1. sneud(h)-
oblātus 1. tel-
obstetricus stā-
ocellus ok-
Octopus 2. pē̆d-
ommatidium ok-
omnisciens skē̆i-
omniscientis skē̆i-
oncidium 2. ank-
operculum 5. u̯er-
Orchis org̑hi-
orgasmus 3. u̯erg̑-
orthōsis u̯erdh-
orthoepia u̯ek-
osmium 1. od-
osmosis 1. u̯edh-
ossificare 2. dhē-
ossifico 2. dhē-
ostium 1. ōus-
ovarium ō(u̯)i̯-om
ovulum ō(u̯)i̯-om
oxalis 2. ak̑-
oxyuriasis ers-
Oxyuris ers-
pachysandra bheng̑h-
palingenesis 1. kel-
palpus 1. pel-
pancreas 1. kreu-
parabola 2. gel-
paramecium māk̑-
paraplegia 2. plāk-
parataxis tāg-
parenchyma 1. g̑heu-
paresis i̯ē-
parotidis 2. ōus-
parotis 2. ōus-
patina 1. pet-
pedicellus 2. pē̆d-
pedunculus 2. pē̆d-
pelargonium 6. pel-
peltatus 3b. pel-
pendulum 1. (s)pen(-d)-
penicillium 3. pes-
perfoliata 4. bhel-
pericardium k̑ered-
perimysium mūs
perionychium onogh-
periosteum ost(h)-
peristalsis 3. stel-
perithecium 2. dhē-
peroneus 2b. per-
pertussis 1. (s)teu-
petalum 1. pet-
-phagia 1. bhag-
phalaropus 2. pē̆d-
pharmacopoeia 2. kei-
pharyngis 3. bher-
pharynx 3. bher-
-phasia 2. bhā-
phasis 1. bhā-
philodendron deru-
phlox bheleg-
phoneticus 2. bhā-
-phoresis 1. bher-
-phorus 1. bher-
phosphorus 1. bher-
-phrenia ghren-
phyllocladium 3. kel-
phyllodium 1. od-
phylloxera k̑sē̆-ro-
-phyllum 4. bhel-
-phyllus 4. bhel-
phylum bheu-
Physostigma 1. pū̆-
phyton bheu-
pileus pi-lo-
pinnati- 2. pet-
pinnatus 2. pet-
pinna 2. pet-
pinnula 2. pet-
pistillum 1. peis-?
planula pelə-
-plasia pelə-
plasmalemma 2. lep-
plasma pelə-
platinum plā̆t-
Platypoecilus plā̆t-
platypus 2. pē̆d-
plenum 1. pel-
plexus plek̑-
plumula pleus-
pneumoconiosis 2. ken-
pneumonia pneu-
pneumonicus pneu-
-poiesis 2. kei-
poliomyelitis 6. pel-
pollen 2b. pel-
Polygala glag-
polygonum 1. g̑enu-
porta 2b. per-
portulaca 2b. per-
postscriptum 4. (s)ker-
procliticus k̑lei-
prolātus 1. tel-
pronephros eng-
proptosis 2. pet-
prosoma tēu-
prostata stā-
prosthesis 2. dhē-
prostomium stomen-
protonematis (s)nē-
protonema (s)nē-
prot- 2a. per-
prurigo preus-
pseudepigrapha gerebh-
pterygoides 2. pet-
ptosis 2. pet-
pudendum pēu-
pyrosis peu̯ōr
Quercus perku-s
rabies rabh-
ramus u̯(e)rād-
recto 1. reg̑-
rectum 1. reg̑-
rectus 1. reg̑-
regicida 1. reg̑-
regicidium 1. reg̑-
Regulus 1. reg̑-
retiformis 5. er-
retinaculum 1. ten-
rhizobium 3. gei̯-
rhizoma u̯(e)rād-
rhizopus 2. pē̆d-
rotiformis ret(h)-
-rrhagia u̯rēg̑-
rubella reudh-
rubeola reudh-
rubeolus reudh-
ruga 2. reu-
saponaceus seip-
sarcoma tu̯erk̑-
sartorius serk-
scarlatina 1. sek-
scholasticus seg̑h-
scholium seg̑h-
sclera 3. (s)kel-
sclerotium 3. (s)kel-
scolex 4. (s)kel-
scolicis 4. (s)kel-
scoliosis 4. (s)kel-
-scopium spek̑-
scutum skē̆i-
scyphistoma stomen-
sēmen 2. sē(i)-
secans 2. sē̆k-
secantis 2. sē̆k-
sequestrum 1. sek-
Sertularia 4. ser-
seta 3. sē(i)-
sextans su̯ek̑s
sextantis su̯ek̑s
sinistrorsus 3. u̯er-
sixtinus su̯ek̑s
Sixtus su̯ek̑s
solum 3. su̯el-
sorus tēu-
spatha sp(h)ē-
spectrum spek̑-
spinifex 2. dhē-
splanchnicus sp(h)elg̑h(en)
spora 2. (s)p(h)er-
staticus stā-
statisticus stā-
sternum 5. ster-
stertor pster-
sthenia seg̑h-
stipella stē̆ib(h)-
stipes stē̆ib(h)-
stipitis stē̆ib(h)-
stipula stē̆ib(h)-
stomatis stomen-
stoma stomen-
stomodaeum sed-
strabismus 1. (s)ter-
stratus 5. ster-
streptomyces 2. meug-
strepto- 1. (s)ter-
striga 4. ster-
strigosus 4. ster-
strobilus 1. (s)ter-
Strophanthus andh-
subsumere em-
subsumo em-
suctorius 1. seu-
sudorificus 2. su̯eid-
symbiosis 3. gei̯-
symphysis bheu-
syndesmosis dē-
synergida 2. u̯erg̑-
synergismus 2. u̯erg̑-
synesis i̯ē-
synkaryon 3. kar-
syringomyelia mūs
syssarcosis tu̯erk̑-
tachicardia 2. dhengh-
tactica tāg-
tarchon derk̑-
tarsus ters-
-taxis tāg-
tectricis 1. (s)teg-
tectrix 1. (s)teg-
tegmentum 1. (s)teg-
tegmen 1. (s)teg-
tegminis 1. (s)teg-
telangiectasia 1. ten-
telekinesis kēi-
teleologia leg̑-
tele-scopium spek̑-
tele- 2. kel-
telium 1. kel-
tellurium 2. tel-
tenaculum 1. ten-
tetrahedron sed-
thallus dhā̆l-
thaumaturgus 2. u̯erg̑-
theca 2. dhē-
thenar 2. dhen-
Theobroma 1. ger-
-therium g̑hu̯ē̆r-
-thermia gher-
thigmotaxis dheig̑h-
Thuja 4. dheu-
thurifer 4. dheu-
-thymia 4. dheu-
-tomia 1. tem-
tonus 1. ten-
torticollis 1. kel-
trabecula trē̆b-
Tracheophyta bheu-
trachoma 1. dher-
tractionis trāgh-
tractio trāgh-
transpicuus spek̑-
transudare 2. su̯eid-
transudo 2. su̯eid-
trapezium 2. pē̆d-
treponema (s)nē-
triceps kap-ut
trichuriasis ers-
Trichuris ers-
tricipitis kap-ut
trillium trei-
triskelion 4. (s)kel-
tritium trei-
trochlea 1. dhregh-
trogon 3. ter-
Trypanosoma 3. ter-
tubifex 2. dhē-
typhus 4. dheu-
ulna 8. el-
umbella andho-
unciforme 2. ank-
unciformis 2. ank-
uncinaria 2. ank-
uncus 2. ank-
undina 9. au̯(e)-
unguiculatus onogh-
uredinium eus-
ureter 9. au̯(e)-
-urgia 2. u̯erg̑-
-uria 9. au̯(e)-
-urus ers-
vaccinus u̯ā̆kā
valva 7. u̯el-
valvula 7. u̯el-
vanadium 1. u̯en-
vanilla 1. u̯ā̆g-
variola 2. u̯ā-
velum u̯eg-
verbena 3b. u̯er-
vermicularis 3a. u̯er-
Victoria 2. u̯eik-
victor 2. u̯eik-
villus 8. u̯el-
volvox 7. u̯el-
vortex 3h. u̯er-
vorticis 3h. u̯er-
vulva 7. u̯el-
xenia ghosti-s
zamia ā̆s-
Zea i̯eu̯o-
zooglea 1. gel-
-zoon 3. gei̯-
zoon 3. gei̯-
zygomatos 2. i̯eu-
zygoma 2. i̯eu-

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