Indo-European Lexicon

Old French Reflex Index

Below we list 1495 unique Old French reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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Old French reflex index
Reflex Etyma
aage aiu̯-
abandoner 2. bhā-
abanduner 2. bhā-
abeste ges-
abjurer i̯eu̯os-
abolir 2. al-
abondant 9. au̯(e)-
aboter 1. bhā̆u-
abraser bh(e)reu-
abridgier mreg̑hu-
abrigier mreg̑hu-
abstenir 1. ten-
abuter 1. bhā̆u-
ab- apo-
accent kan-
acces sed-
accident 1. k̑ad-
accoster kost-
acertainer 4. (s)ker-
acerteiner 4. (s)ker-
acointier 2. g̑en-
acolite 2. sem-
acomplir 1. pel-
aconter 2. peu-
acont 2. peu-
acorder k̑ered-
acort k̑ered-
acoustrer si̯ū-
acrostiche 2. ak̑- , steigh-
acte ag̑-
actual ag̑-
adage ēg̑-
adamant demə-
adjectif i̯ē-
admettre smeit-
adolescent 2. al-
adopter 2. op-
adourer ōr-
adourner 1. ar-
adultere 1. al-
advent gā-
adverbe 6. u̯er-
advers 3h. u̯er-
advocat u̯ek-
ad- 1. ad-
afaire 2. dhē-
afermer 2. dher-
affable 2. bhā-
affection 2. dhē-
affiaunce 1. bheidh-
affier 1. bheidh-
affluent bhleu-
agonie ag̑-
agreer 4. ger(ə)-
agrever 2. ger-
agüeté 2. ak̑-
agu 2. ak̑-
aider 2. i̯eu-
aigremoine ar(e)-g̑-
aigre 2. ak̑-
aile ag̑-
air 1. u̯er-
ajoindre 2. i̯eu-
ajoster 2. i̯eu-
ajourner 1. dei-
alarme 1. ar-
alas 3. lē(i)-
albade albho-
alborne albho-
alee ambhi
alegier ag̑-
aler ambhi
alesne ēlā
alien 1. al-
alier 4. leig-
aligner lī̆-no-
alleguer ag̑-
almarie 1. ar-
alterer 1. al-
altre 2. an-
alum alu-
alun alu-
amaistrier meg̑(h)-
amatiste médhu
ambassadeur ag̑-
ambes ambhi
ambition 1. ei-
ambler ambhi
ambsace ambhi
amender mendā
amener 1. men-
amettre smeit-
amirer 1. (s)mei-
amis ambhi , i̯ē-
amite am(m)a
amit ambhi , i̯ē-
amonter 1. men-
amont 1. men- , 1. men-
amortir 4. mer-
amour am(m)a
ample 1. am-
amplifier 1. am- , 2. dhē-
ancestre sed-
angle 2. ank-
anguisse ang̑h-
animosite 3. an(ə)-
annexer 1. ned-
annexe 1. ned-
annuel at-
annuller 1. nĕ
anoi 2. od-
anoncier 1. neu-
ante am(m)a
anti- ant-s
antollier ok-
apaier pei̯(ə)-
apaisier pā̆k̑-
apalir 6. pel-
apanage pā-
apaner pā-
aparail 2d. per-
apareillier 2d. per-
apeler 2a. pel-
aperitif 5. u̯er-
apert 5. u̯er-
apetit 2. pet-
aplier plek̑-
apoplexie 2. plāk-
aporter 2b. per-
apostasie stā-
apostle 3. stel-
apotecaire 2. dhē-
apprehendre ghend-
apprentis ghend-
approuvir 2a. per-
approver 2a. per-
après 3. per-
aprehendre ghend-
aprendre ghend-
aprentis ghend-
apretier 2c. per- , 2c. per-
apriser 2c. per-
aprisier 2c. per- , 2c. per-
aprochier 2a. per-
aprover 2a. per-
apte 1. ap-
aquatique akā-
aqueduct akā- , deuk-
aquiter kei̯ə-
arable ar(ə)-
araisner 1. ar-
arangier 3. (s)ker-
aranier 1. ar-
arayer reidh-
arbaleste 2. gel-
arbeleste 2. gel-
arbelestre 2. gel-
arbre er(ə)d-
archer arqu-
arche areq- , arqu-
archier arqu-
architrave trē̆b-
arc arqu-
-ard 3. kar-
ardant ā̆s-
ardor ā̆s-
ardour ā̆s-
ardre ā̆s-
ardur ā̆s-
areer reidh-
areier reidh-
arei reidh-
arengier 3. (s)ker-
arester stā-
arest stā-
areyer reidh-
argentin ar(e)-g̑-
argent ar(e)-g̑-
arguer ar(e)-g̑-
ariere-ban 2. bhā- , koro-s
arismetique 1. ar-
aristocracie 1. ar-
ariver 1. rei-
armaire 1. ar-
armarie 1. ar-
armature 1. ar-
armee 1. ar-
armer 1. ar-
armes 1. ar-
armeure 1. ar-
armure 1. ar-
arpent 2a. per-
arriver 1. rei-
arsenik 1. g̑hel-
arson ā̆s-
arsoun ā̆s-
arsun ā̆s-
ars ā̆s-
arteillerie 1. ap-
artere 1. u̯er-
article 1. ar-
artifice 2. dhē-
artillerie 1. ap-
artillier 1. ap-
artique ŕ̥k̑þo-s
artiste 1. ar-
art 1. ar-
asaillir 4. sel-
asalir 4. sel-
asalt 4. sel-
ascrire 4. (s)ker-
asembler 2. sem-
asenter sent-
aset sā-
asez sā-
asigner 1. sek-
asise sed-
asne ers-
asoager su̯ād-
asoldre 2. leu-
asouager su̯ād-
assaisoner 2. sē(i)-
assai ag̑-
assalt 4. sel-
assambler 2. sem-
assaut 4. sel-
assemblee 2. sem-
assembler 2. sem-
assenter sent-
asseoir sed-
assesser sed-
asset sā-
assez sā- , sā-
assigner 1. sek-
assise sed-
assister stā-
assoiler 2. leu-
assoillier 2. leu-
assoldre 2. leu-
assorter 4. ser-
assouagier su̯ād-
astrelabe (s)lā̆g-
astronomie 1. nem- , 2. stē̆r-
asuager su̯ād-
atacher 2. (s)teg-
atachier 2. (s)teg-
ataindre tag-
ataquer 2. (s)teg-
atendre 1. ten-
atester trei-
atorner 3. ter-
atorne 3. ter-
atourner 3. ter-
attaquer 2. (s)teg-
atteindre tag-
attorner 3. ter-
attorne 3. ter-
attrition 3. ter-
aturner 3. ter-
Auberon albho-
auborne albho-
aubre er(ə)d-
auctorité au̯eg-
audience 8. au̯-
augmenter au̯eg-
aumail 1. mel-
auncestre sed-
auncien ant-s
aunte am(m)a
auricle 2. ōus-
austere saus-
autentique sen-
auteur au̯eg-
autoriser au̯eg-
autorité au̯eg-
autor au̯eg-
autre 1. al- , 2. an-
autrui 1. al-
avaler 7. u̯el-
aval 7. u̯el-
avancier ant-s
avant-garde ant-s
avantpié 2. pē̆d-
avant ant-s
avauntage ant-s
avengier deik̑-
avenir gā-
aventure gā-
averer 11. u̯er-
averrer 11. u̯er-
avertir 3h. u̯er-
aviser 2. u̯(e)id-
avis 2. u̯(e)id-
avoer eu̯egh-
avoeson u̯ek-
avogler ok-
avogle ok-
avoirdupois 1. (s)pen(-d)-
avouer eu̯egh-
axiome ag̑-
azimut 2. mei-
azoc 3. gei̯-
baiard badi̯os
baille bak-
baillif bak-
bail bak-
bai badi̯os
balade 2. gel-
balance du̯ō(u)
bald 3. bhel-
balene 3. bhel-
bale 3. bhel-
balie bak-
baller 2. gel-
balle 3. bhel-
bal 2. gel-
banal 2. bhā-
banc bheg-
bande bhendh-
baneret 1. bhā-
banere 1. bhā-
banerolle 1. bhā-
banir 2. bhā- , 2. bhā-
bannir 2. bhā-
banquet bheg-
ban 2. bhā-
baptiser 1. gēbh-
barbacane 5. u̯er-
barbel bhardhā
barbeor bhardhā
barbe bhardhā
barbier bhardhā
bargaigne bherg̑h-
bargaignier bherg̑h-
bargaine bherg̑h-
barre 3. bher-
base gā-
bataille bhāt-
bataunt bhāt-
batel bheid-
batre bhāt-
batte bhāt-
bat bheid-
baud 3. bhel-
beatitude 2. deu-
beauté 2. deu-
bedel bheudh-
belefroi bhereg̑h- , prāi-
bel 2. deu-
bender bhendh-
bende bhendh-
benedicion deik̑- , 2. deu-
benefice 2. deu- , 2. dhē-
benevolent 2. deu- , 2. u̯el-
benigne 1. g̑en-
berefreit bhereg̑h- , prāi-
berfrai bhereg̑h- , prāi-
berfray bhereg̑h- , prāi-
berfroi bhereg̑h- , prāi-
*besel du̯ō(u)
bezahar pā-
biauté 2. deu-
biau 2. deu-
bienfait 2. deu- , 2. dhē-
biere 1. bher-
billette 2. b(e)u-
biscuit pek-
bisel du̯ō(u)
blamer 2. mel-
blanche bheleg-
blanchir bheleg-
blanc bheleg-
blankete bheleg-
blanket bheleg-
blef bhlē-u̯o-s
blestre 2. bhlei-
blonde bhlendh-
blond bhlendh-
blostre 2. bhlei-
blue bhlē-u̯o-s
bodne bh(e)reu-
boeline bhāg̑hú-s
boel gu̯et-
boillir 2. b(e)u-
boillon 2. b(e)u-
boline bhāg̑hú-s
bonne bh(e)reu-
bonté 2. deu-
bon 2. deu-
borc bhereg̑h-
bordel bheredh-
border bheredh-
bordeure bheredh-
borde bheredh-
bordure bheredh-
borg bhereg̑h-
borjois bhereg̑h-
boterez 1. bhā̆u-
boter 1. bhā̆u-
botique 2. dhē-
boton 1. bhā̆u-
bouchier bhū̆g̑o-s
boud 3. bhel-
boule 2. b(e)u-
bouter 1. bhā̆u-
brace mreg̑hu-
brachet bhrag-
braciere mreg̑hu-
braire 1. bhreg̑-
brandir bh(e)reu-
brand bh(e)reu-
brant bh(e)reu-
bran bh(e)reu-
braon bh(e)reu-
braser 2. bher-
brasier 2. bher-
bras mreg̑hu-
bref mreg̑hu-
brese 2. bher-
bresme bherək̑-
brisier bhrēi-
broet bh(e)reu-
broez bh(e)reu-
brunette 5. bher-
brun 5. bher-
buef gou-
bugle gou-
bulle 2. b(e)u-
burc bhereg̑h-
burgeis bhereg̑h-
burnete 5. bher-
but 1. bhā̆u-
cærse gras-
carole au-lo-s
cas 1. k̑ad-
cave 1. k̑eu-
celerer 4. k̑el-
celle 4. k̑el-
cenith 2. mei-
ceptre 2. (s)kē̆p-
cercle 3. (s)ker-
certain 4. (s)ker-
cesser sed-
chacier 2a. per-
chaiere sed-
chalengier kēl-
chaloir 1. k̑el-
chambre kam-er-
chance 1. k̑ad-
changier (s)kamb-
Chantecler kan-
chapitle kap-ut
chapitre kap-ut
chargier 2. k̑ers-
chariot 2. k̑ers-
charité kā-
charme kan-
char 2. k̑ers-
chaste k̑es-
chemise 3. k̑em-
cheoir 1. k̑ad-
cherir kā-
chief kap-ut
chier kā-
chimbe g̑embh-
chois g̑eus-
cholle g(e)u-lo-
chute 1. k̑ad-
ciment (s)k(h)ai-
cion g̑ēi-
circum- 3. (s)ker-
cirurgien g̑hesor-
cirurgie g̑hesor- , 2. u̯erg̑-
cité 1. k̑ei-
clamer 6. kel-
clause klēu-
clavier klēu-
clerc 3. kel-
cler 6. kel-
cloistre klēu-
clore klēu-
clos klēu-
cocatris 4. (s)kel-
cointe 2. g̑en-
coler 1. kel-
colet 1. kel-
colour 4. k̑el-
coltre 1. (s)kel-
col 1. kel-
comander mə-r
combe 2. keu-
commun 2. mei-
compagnie pā-
compagnon pā-
compain pā-
compasser 1. pet-
composte apo-
com- kom
conceivre kap-
concile 6. kel-
concorde k̑ered-
condemner dā
conduit deuk-
conestable stā-
confire 2. dhē-
confirmer 2. dher-
confondre 1. g̑heu-
conforter bhereg̑h-
conjurer i̯eu̯os-
connoisseor 2. g̑en-
connoistre 2. g̑en-
conoissance 2. g̑en-
conoistre 2. g̑en-
conscience skē̆i-
conté 1. ei-
contenir 1. ten-
contrée kom
conveier u̯eg̑h-
convertir 3h. u̯er-
cople 1. ap-
coquille k̑onkho-
corage k̑ered-
corde 5. g̑her-
cormareng mori
cornere 1. k̑er-
corne 1. k̑er-
coroner 3. (s)ker-
corone 3. (s)ker-
correer reidh-
corsage 1. krep-
corset 1. krep-
cors 1. krep-
corteisie 4. g̑her-
corteis 4. g̑her-
cortillage 4. g̑her-
cortil 4. g̑her-
cortoier 4. g̑her-
cort 4. g̑her-
cosin su̯esor-
costellette kost-
coste kost-
couper 3. kel-
courre 2. k̑ers-
course 2. k̑ers-
coursier 2. k̑ers-
court 4. g̑her-
cousture si̯ū-
coveitié keu̯əp-
covenant gā-
covenir gā-
covent gā-
covrir kap-ut
crape 3. ger-
creanter k̑ered-
cressa gras-
crevace 1. ker-
crever 1. ker-
cristal 1. kreu-
croche 3. ger-
croc 3. ger-
croupe 3. ger-
crucifier dhēig-
cruel 1. kreu-
crue 3. ger-
crupiere 3. ger-
cuer 4. g̑her- , k̑ered-
cuevrechief kap-ut
cul 2. (s)keu-
curant 2. k̑ers-
cure kois-
custume se-
dalfin gelbh-
damage dā
dame dem-
damisele dem-
dampner dā
dam dā
dangier dem-
danter demə-
dauber albho-
debilite 2. bel-
debonaire 2. deu-
debrisier bhrēi-
deceivre kap-
Decembre dek̑m̥
defendre 2. ghen(-ə)-
defense 2. ghen(-ə)-
deffaire 2. dhē-
deffesant 2. dhē-
defier 1. bheidh-
deforcier bhereg̑h-
defouler 2. pū̆-
deignier 1. dek̑-
deintié 1. dek̑-
delaier 1. leip-
delitable 1. lēk-
delivrer 1. leudh-
demener 1. men-
demorer (s)mer-
denier 1. nĕ
denoncier 1. neu-
dent ed-
desarmer 1. ar-
desbauchier 5. bhel-
desciple 1. dek̑-
desconfire 2. dhē-
desconfit 2. dhē-
desdeignier 1. dek̑-
desdeign 1. dek̑-
desfacier 2. dhē-
desgagier u̯adh-
desirer 1. su̯eid-
desmaiier magh-
desnoer 1. ned-
despire spek̑-
despit spek̑-
despoillier 1. (s)p(h)el-
desputer 2. peu-
desrengier 3. (s)ker-
destendre 1. ten-
destiner stā-
destorner 3. ter-
destor 3. ter-
destourber 1. tu̯er-
destreindre 2. streig-
destresse 2. streig-
destre 1. dek̑-
destrier 1. dek̑-
destruire 5. ster-
desvuidier 1. eu-
des- de-
dette ghabh-
deveir ghabh-
devoir ghabh-
devot eu̯egh-
de- de-
diadème dē-
dialogue leg̑-
diete 3. ai-
digneté 1. dek̑-
discorder k̑ered-
ditié deik̑-
ditier deik̑-
diviser u̯eidh-
dol 3. del-
dongier dem-
donter demə-
double du̯ō(u)
douter du̯ō(u)
dozaine dek̑m̥
doze dek̑m̥
dragon derk̑-
draoncler derk̑-
draoncle derk̑-
duc deuk-
dum 4. dheu-
durer 3. deu-
écu skē̆i-
effrei prāi-
eir 1. g̑hē-
ele ag̑-
embracier mreg̑hu-
empereor 2d. per-
emprendre ghend-
emprise ghend-
enamourer am(m)a
enceindre 1. kenk-
enceinte 1. kenk-
encens kand-
encontrer kom
encrochier 3. ger-
endenter ed-
enditer deik̑-
enemi am(m)a
enfiler gheiə-
enforcier bhereg̑h-
engagier u̯adh-
engin 1. g̑en-
enhaucier 2. al-
enjoindre 2. i̯eu-
enjoir gāu-
enke 2. k̑ēu-
enoindre ong-
enoint ong-
ensuivre 1. sek-
enterrer ters-
entrechangier (s)kamb-
entredit deik̑-
entreprendre ghend-
entrepreneur ghend-
entrer 1. en
enuier 2. od-
enui 2. od-
envei u̯eg̑h-
envie 2. u̯(e)id-
envoier u̯eg̑h-
en- 1. en
epistle 3. stel-
erbe ghrē-
erbier ghrē-
eremite 5. er-
errer 1. ei- , 2. ere-s-
erre 1. ei-
errour 2. ere-s-
esbraser bh(e)reu-
Escalibor 1. kal-
escarlate 1. sek-
eschec kþē(i)-
eschek kþē(i)-
escheoir 1. k̑ad-
eschequier kþē(i)-
escheq kþē(i)-
esches kþē(i)-
eschete 1. k̑ad-
esclave 1. k̑leu-
escoler seg̑h-
escondre 2. dhē-
esconse 2. dhē-
escons 2. dhē-
escorce 4. (s)ker-
escorgier reig-
escourre ku̯ēt-
escru 1. kreu-
esfaier prāi-
esforcier bhereg̑h-
esfort bhereg̑h-
esfreer prāi-
esfrei prāi-
eslegier ag̑-
esloigner 5. del-
espace 3. sp(h)ē(i)-
espandre 1. pet-
espeer sp(h)ē-
espee sp(h)ē-
espeller (s)pel-
espice spek̑-
espier spek̑-
espouse spend-
espous spend-
esquier skē̆i-
essai ag̑-
essil 3. ā̆l-
estable stā-
estache 2. (s)teg-
estachier 2. (s)teg-
estage stā-
estaler 3. stel-
estal 3. stel-
estance stā-
estanchon stā-
estat stā-
estival ai-dh-
estoner 1. (s)ten-
estonier 1. (s)ten-
estorer stā-
estorie 2. u̯(e)id-
estourdir trozdos-
estoveir 1. op-
estraié 5. ster-
estraier 5. ster-
estrange eg̑hs
estreit 2. streig-
estriquier 4. ster-
estuble stē̆ib(h)-
estudie 1. (s)teu-
est au̯es-
esveudier 1. eu-
esvuidier 1. eu-
eswardeir 8. u̯er-
eswarder 8. u̯er-
es- eg̑hs
evier akā-
exil 3. ā̆l-
exploit plek̑-
expresser 3. per-
expres 3. per-
ex- eg̑hs
fable 2. bhā-
fabliau 2. bhā-
façon 2. dhē-
face 2. dhē-
faerie 2. bhā-
fae 2. bhā-
faie 2. bhā-
faindre dheig̑h-
faire 2. dhē-
fame 2. bhā-
fantasme 1. bhā-
fealte 1. bheidh-
feble bhlē-
feelte 1. bheidh-
feign- dheig̑h-
feindre dheig̑h-
feinte dheig̑h-
feint dheig̑h-
feire dhēs-
felon 1. g̑hel-
fel 1. g̑hel- , 1. pel-
fermer 2. dher-
ferme 2. dher-
feste dhēs-
feurre pā-
fiance 1. bheidh-
fiancier 1. bheidh-
fief 2. pek̑-
-fier 2. dhē-
fiers g̑hu̯ē̆r-
fier 1. bheidh-
figure dheig̑h-
fil gheiə-
fisique bheu-
flairier bhrag-
flair bhrag-
flajolet 3. bhel-
flajol 3. bhel-
flamber bheleg-
flambe bheleg-
flamble bheleg-
flamboyer bheleg-
flaon plā̆t-
fleche pleuk-
flechier pleuk-
flor 4. bhel-
flote pleu-
flour 4. bhel-
foillet 4. bhel-
foil 4. bhel-
foisil bhok-
foi 1. bheidh-
folie 3. bhel-
fol 3. bhel-
fondement bhudh-m(e)n
fonder bhudh-m(e)n
forage pā-
force bhereg̑h-
forcier bhereg̑h-
forclore dhu̯ē̆r-
forclos- dhu̯ē̆r-
forein dhu̯ē̆r-
forge 2. dhabh-
forme 2. mer-
fornaise gher-
forrer pā-
forsborc bhereg̑h-
fors bhereg̑h- , dhu̯ē̆r-
fosse 1. bhedh-
fouler 2. pū̆-
frai 1. bhreg̑-
frayer 1. bhreg̑-
frere bhrā́ter-
frire 6. bher-
fruit bhrūg-
futur bheu-
gaaignier 3. u̯ei-
gage u̯adh-
galler 1. gel-
galle 1. gel-
garantir 5. u̯er-
garder 8. u̯er-
garde 8. u̯er-
garison 5. u̯er-
garnement 5. u̯er-
garnesture 5. u̯er-
garnir 5. u̯er-
gastel 2. u̯es-
gaudir gāu-
gentil 1. g̑en-
gent 1. g̑en-
gesir i̯ē-
getaison i̯ē-
giste i̯ē-
glande 3. gel-
glicier 1. g̑hel-
glose glōgh-
gloton 2. gel-
gorgete 1. ger-
gorge 1. ger-
grace 4. ger(ə)-
granter k̑ered-
gravele 2. ghrēu-
gré 4. ger(ə)-
gref 2. ger-
grenier g̑er-
grenon 3. gher-
grever 2. ger-
greve 2. ghrēu-
gris 3. g̑her-
grosele 3. ger-
guier 2. u̯(e)id-
guimple u̯eip-
guiper u̯eip-
guise 2. u̯(e)id-
habit ghabh-
hache kā̆pho-
hachier kā̆pho-
hanter 1. k̑ei-
hardi 3. kar-
harper 5. ser-
harpon 5. ser-
hastelet 1. g̑hasto-
haste k̑ēi-bh-
hautbois 2. al-
heir 1. g̑hē-
herban 2. bhā- , koro-s
herbergere koro-s
hest au̯es-
heure 1. ei-
holocauste 2. k̑ēu-
hommage g̑hðem-
homme g̑hðem-
hospital ghosti-s
hostage ghosti-s
hostel ghosti-s
hoste ghosti-s
host ghosti-s
humble g̑hðem-
idole 2. u̯(e)id-
infernal n̥dhos
ire 2. ere-s-
issir 1. ei-
issue 1. ei-
jelous i̯ā-
jeu i̯ek-
jogleour i̯ek-
joie gāu-
joindre 2. i̯eu-
jointe 2. i̯eu-
joir gāu-
jostice i̯eu̯os-
journee 1. dei-
jour 1. dei-
juel i̯ek-
jugier deik̑-
jurer i̯eu̯os-
juridiction deik̑-
juster 2. i̯eu-
justice i̯eu̯os-
jus 1. i̯eu-
lac laku-
laier 1. leip-
laissier 1. leip- , (s)lēg-
laitue glag-
lampe lā[i]p-
language dn̥g̑hū
langua dn̥g̑hū
las 3. lē(i)-
-latrie 2. lē(i)-
légion leg̑-
lèpre 2. lep-
leçon leg̑-
lecheor leig̑h-
leel leg̑-
legat leg̑-
leial leg̑-
lettre deph-
lever legh-
levier legh-
licour leik-
liege 3. lē(i)-
lier 4. leig-
ligeance 3. lē(i)-
lige 3. lē(i)-
ligne lī̆-no-
litiere legh-
lit legh-
livree 1. leudh-
livrer 1. leudh-
loge leup-
-logie leg̑-
-logue leg̑-
loing 5. del-
lonce leuk-
lumière leuk-
lunatique leuk-
māla mēlo-
maçon mag̑-
machicoleis 1. kel-
machicoller 1. kel-
mahaim 1. mai-
maillet 1. mel-
mail 1. mel-
maintenir 1. ten-
maire meg̑(h)-
maistresse meg̑(h)-
maistre meg̑(h)-
mai meg̑(h)-
majesté meg̑(h)-
malade ghabh-
maladie ghabh-
maleïçon deik̑-
male molko-
malice 2. mel-
malleus 1. mel-
mal 2. mel-
mal- 2. mel-
-mancie 3. men-
maneuvre 1. op-
maniere mə-r
manoir 5. men-
marbre 5. mer-
marcheant merk̑-
marche mereg̑-
marchier mereg̑-
marenc mori
maresc mori
marier meri̯o-
masse mag̑-
matenot neu-d-
matere mātér-
matines 2. mā-
matin 2. mā-
maugré 4. ger(ə)-
maynier 1. mai-
medicine 1. med-
medler mei-k̑-
melodie 6. au̯- , 5. mel-
membre mēmso-
menable 1. men-
mener 1. men-
mention 3. men-
menuet 5. mei-
menu 5. mei-
mercier merk̑-
merci merk̑-
merite (s)mer-
mers merk̑-
merveille 1. (s)mei-
mesavenir gā-
mesaventure gā-
meschief kap-ut
meslee mei-k̑-
mesler mei-k̑-
mesnage 5. men-
mesprendre ghend-
mesprison ghend-
mespris ghend-
message smeit-
mesure 3. mē-
mes smeit-
mes- 2. mei-t(h)-
metre 3. mē-
milfoil 4. bhel-
milieu medhi-
ministre 5. mei-
miracle 1. (s)mei-
mirer 1. (s)mei-
mirour 1. (s)mei-
misture mei-k̑-
mis- 2. mei-t(h)-
mi medhi-
modle 1. med-
monester 3. men-
monstrer mendh-
montaigne 1. men-
mont 1. men-
morsel 5. mer-
mors 5. mer-
mortemain 4. mer-
morte 4. mer-
mort 4. mer-
mostarde 1. meu-
moust 1. meu-
muer 2. mei-
mue 2. mei-
multiplier 3a. pel-
munoiere 1. mel-
munoier 1. mel-
musique 3. men-
naïf 1. g̑en-
nasal nas-
nes nas-
neveu nepōt-
nice skē̆i-
nièce nepōt-
noble 2. g̑en-
noer 1. ned-
noise 1. nāus-
nombre 1. nem-
nomer en(o)mn̥-
-nomie 1. nem-
nom en(o)mn̥-
nonchalant 1. k̑el-
nonchaloir 1. k̑el-
non 1. nĕ
Normant manu-s
norrir snā-
noter 2. g̑en-
Novembre e-neu̯en
nuisir nek̑-
nurice snā-
obeir 8. au̯-
obliger 4. leig-
Octobre ok̑tō(u)
oef ō(u̯)i̯-om
office 2. dhē-
offrir 1. bher-
oignement ong-
oncle au̯o-s
onix onogh-
ordener 1. ar-
organe 2. u̯erg̑-
orie-flambe 1. bhā-
ori-flame 1. bhā-
ornement 1. ar-
oster stā-
ostrusce trozdos-
ouil ok-
outré 1. al-
outrer 1. al-
outre 1. al-
païs pā̆k̑-
paier pā̆k̑-
paire 2c. per-
paisant pā̆k̑-
paistre pā-
pais pā̆k̑-
palefrei reidh-
paneterie pā-
panetier pā-
pan pā-
paradis dheig̑h-
parçonier 2c. per-
parçon 2c. per-
parer 2d. per-
pareure 2d. per-
parfit 2. dhē-
parlement 2. gel-
parler 2. gel-
parlour 2. gel-
partie 2c. per-
partir 2c. per-
passer 1. pet-
passion pē(i)-
pasté ku̯ēt-
paste ku̯ēt-
pastour pā-
pas 1. pet-
patene 1. pet-
patriarche pətḗ(r)
paudre 2b. pel-
paveillon 1. pel-
payer pei̯(ə)-
peindre 1. peig-
peine 1. kei(-t)-
peint 1. peig-
peis 1. (s)pen(-d)-
peligrin ag̑ro-s
penser 1. (s)pen(-d)-
peonier 2. pē̆d-
peon 2. pē̆d-
perceivre kap-
percer 1. (s)teu-
perdris perd-
perdurable 3. deu-
peril 2e. per-
perir 1. ei-
periss- 1. ei-
-phonie 2. bhā-
pie (s)pī̆ko-
plaïs plā̆t-
plaid 1. plā-k-
plain pelə-
plait 1. plā-k-
planète pelə-
plantain plā̆t-
plate plā̆t-
plat plā̆t-
plein 1. pel-
plenté 1. pel-
plevir dhl̥gh-
pochier 2. b(e)u-
poeir poti-s
poete 2. kei-
poil pi-lo-
pointe peuk̑-
point peuk̑-
poison 2. pō(i)-
pois 1. (s)pen(-d)-
polet pōu-
polir 2a. pel-
porche 2b. per-
pork pork̑o-s
porloigner 5. del-
poroffrir 1. bher-
porporter 2b. per-
porter 2b. per-
portière 2b. per-
portier 2b. per-
portion 2c. per-
port 2b. per-
por- 2a. per-
pouleterie pōu-
pouletier pōu-
poulet pōu-
poule pōu-
poulser 2a. pel-
pouls 2b. pel-
poul pōu-
poursuir 1. sek-
poverté pōu-
povre pōu-
prechier deik̑-
precios 2c. per-
preiere 4. perk̑-
preier ghend- , 4. perk̑-
preie ghend-
preindre 3. per-
preinte 3. per-
preint 3. per-
prejudice deik̑-
prelat 1. tel-
prendre ghend-
presenter es-
present es-
presser 3. per-
presse 3. per-
preugner ret(h)-
preuve 2a. per-
pre- 2a. per-
primat 2a. per-
prince 2a. per-
principal 2a. per-
prise ghend-
prison ghend-
pris 2c. per-
privé 2a. per-
privilege leg̑-
privite 2a. per-
prod es-
proesse 2a. per-
profes 2. bhā-
progénie 1. g̑en-
prologue leg̑-
prophete 2. bhā-
propre 2a. per-
prougner ret(h)-
prou es- , 2a. per-
prover 2a. per-
provigner ret(h)-
provost apo-
pro- 2a. per-
prud es-
pulce blou-
purchacier 2a. per-
purgier 1. peu-
purpenser 1. (s)pen(-d)-
pur 1. peu-
pur- 2a. per-
qualité ko-
quantité ko-
quarantaine ketu̯er-
quarante ketu̯er-
quare ketu̯er-
quarregnon ketu̯er-
quarrel ketu̯er-
quartaine ketu̯er-
quarte ketu̯er-
quartier ketu̯er-
quart ketu̯er-
quite kei̯ə-
quitter kei̯ə-
quiture pek-
raison 1. ar-
rais 5. er-
ralier 4. leig-
ramper (s)kerb(h)-
rançon em-
raoncler derk̑-
raoncle derk̑-
rapeler 2a. pel-
rapel 2a. pel-
raporter 2b. per-
raseor 2. rēd-
raser 2. rēd-
ravir rep-
règne 1. reg̑-
realme 1. reg̑-
reboter 1. bhā̆u-
reclamer 6. kel-
reclus klēu-
recorder k̑ered-
reculer 2. (s)keu-
refuser 1. g̑heu-
refus 1. g̑heu-
regaïn 3. u̯ei-
regarder 8. u̯er-
regard 8. u̯er-
relessier (s)lēg-
reles (s)lēg-
relique leik-
removoir 2. meu̯-
renc 3. (s)ker-
renge 3. (s)ker-
rengier 3. (s)ker-
reng 3. (s)ker-
renomer en(o)mn̥-
renon en(o)mn̥-
rente dō-
repaistre pā-
repast pā-
repeler 2a. pel-
replenir 1. pel-
replevir dhl̥gh-
reporter 2b. per-
report 2b. per-
reposer paus-
reprendre ghend-
reprise ghend-
reproche 2a. per-
reprochier 2a. per-
reregarde 8. u̯er-
rescourre ku̯ēt-
resel 5. er-
resembler 2. sem-
respit spek̑-
ressentir sent-
restorer stā-
reule 1. reg̑-
revengier deik̑-
ribauld 3. u̯er-
ribaut 3. u̯er-
riot 1. reu-
rivere 1. rei-
rochet ruk(k)-
roelete ret(h)-
roele ret(h)-
roler ret(h)-
roller ret(h)-
rolle ret(h)-
roont ret(h)-
rouler ret(h)-
rousset reudh-
rous reudh-
ruminer reu-smen-
sacrer sak-
sacrifice 2. dhē- , sak-
sacrilege leg̑-
sage sap-
saillie 4. sel-
saillir 4. sel-
saim 1. seu-
sain 1. seu-
saison 2. sē(i)-
salver solo-
saqueboute 1. bhā̆u-
sauf solo- , solo-
savor sap-
sénat sen(o)-
second 1. sek-
seculer 3. sē(i)-
seel 1. sek-
sembler 2. sem-
sentence sent-
sentir sent-
Septembre septm̥
sepulcre sep-
sepulture sep-
sermon 4. ser-
servir 2. ser-
se se-
signe 1. sek-
simple 2. sem-
sire sen(o)-
siute 1. sek-
soiller sū̆-s
soil sū̆-s
solas 3. sel-
solstice stā-
sol solo-
*sombrer andho-
somete upér
somondre 3. men-
son su̯en-
soudier solo-
souffrir 1. bher-
soulde solo-
souper 1. seu-
soupe 1. seu-
souple 1. plā-k-
sourdre 1. reg̑-
sourse 1. reg̑-
soutil tek̑þ-
soverain upér
spirit 2. peis-
stature stā-
statut stā-
substance stā-
sucors 2. k̑ers-
suir 1. sek-
suivre 1. sek-
summe upér
sum upér
surele sū-ro-
surgerie 2. u̯erg̑-
surpliz 3b. pel-
sur sū-ro-
sur- upér
suspendre 1. (s)pen(-d)-
sustenir 1. ten-
symphonie 2. bhā-
synagoge ag̑-
syn- 2. sem-
tanesie 4. dheu-
tapis temp-
taster tag-
teme 2. dhē-
temple 1. tem-
tenable 1. ten-
tendre 1. ten-
teneüre 1. ten-
tenir 1. ten-
tenon 1. ten-
tenor 1. ten-
tente 1. ten-
tenure 1. ten-
terme 4. ter-
theatre dhei̯ə-
tigre (s)teig-
tissu tek̑þ-
tistre tek̑þ-
title 2. tel-
toaille 2. tu̯ak-
toeillier 1. (s)teu-
toeil 1. (s)teu-
torche terk-
torment terk-
torner 3. ter-
toupet dā
tourbler 1. tu̯er-
tourbot 1. bhā̆u-
tourn 3. ter-
tour 3. ter-
traîner trāgh-
traïr dō-
train trāgh-
traison dō-
traitier trāgh-
traitre dō-
travailler pā̆k̑-
travaillier pā̆k̑-
travail pā̆k̑-
traveillier pā̆k̑-
tribulacion 3. ter-
trône 2. dher-
troquer 1. dhregh-
troubler 1. tu̯er-
trousser terk-
tuicion 2. teu-
uncle au̯o-s
unicorne 1. k̑er-
unité oi-no-
vacant 1. eu-
vaillant u̯al-
vain 1. eu-
vair 2. u̯ā- , 2. u̯ā-
valee 7. u̯el-
valer u̯al-
valoir u̯al-
val 7. u̯el-
vanité 1. eu-
veeir 2. u̯(e)id-
velous 8. u̯el-
veneison 1. u̯en-
vengier deik̑-
venial 1. u̯en-
venim 1. u̯en-
verai 11. u̯er-
verdoier 1. u̯eis-
verd 1. u̯eis-
verre-glaz 3. gel(ə)-
vers 3h. u̯er-
vice 1. u̯ī̆-
vigile u̯eg̑-
village u̯eik̑-
ville u̯eik̑-
vil 8. u̯es-
vinaigre 2. ak̑-
virtu u̯ī̆ro-s
visage 2. u̯(e)id-
visiere 2. u̯(e)id-
vision 2. u̯(e)id-
visiter 2. u̯(e)id-
vis 2. u̯(e)id-
voeu eu̯egh-
voiage u̯eg̑h-
voide 1. eu-
voir 2. u̯(e)id-
vois u̯ek-
voiz u̯ek-
vos 1. i̯u-
vue 2. u̯(e)id-
vuidier 1. eu-
ydropesie ok-
ypocrisie 4. (s)ker-
ypo- upo

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