Indo-European Lexicon

Gothic Reflex Index

Below we list 1224 unique Gothic reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Old Irish or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

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Gothic reflex index
Reflex Etyma
þāhō 2. tenk-
ƕáiwa 1. ei-
þáu 3. e-
ƕaþ ko-
þaggkjan 1. tong-
þagkjan 1. tong-
ƕa-h 1. ke
þairh 5. ter-
ƕaiteis 3. k̑uei-
þanaseiþs 2. sē(i)-
ƕan ko-
þarba terp-
ƕarjis ko-
ƕar ko-
ƕas ko-
þaúrban terp-
þauh 1. to-
*þaurnus 7. (s)ter-n-
þaurp trē̆b-
þaursjan ters-
þaurstei ters-
þaursus ters-
ƕa ko-
þeihan 2. tenk-
þeihs 1. tenk-
þeina tū̆
þeins tū̆
ƕeits 3. k̑uei-
þiubs teup-
þiudans tēu-
þiuda tēu-
þiudisko tēu-
þliuhan pleu-
ƕō ko-
þrafstjan terp-
þragjan trāgh-
þreihan 1. trenk-
þreis trei- , trei-
þridja trei-
þrija trei-
þūsundi tēu-
þuggkjan 1. tong-
þugkjan 1. tong-
þuk tū̆
þulan 1. tel-
þus tū̆
þut-haurn 1. k̑er-
þu tū̆
þwahan 2. tu̯ak-
þwairhs terk-
aƕa akā-
áihts ēik-
áinshun ko-
áir ā̆ier-
áiwiskōn aigh-
*aþn at-
aþnam at-
áuþida 3. au-
áugō ok-
áuk 4. au-
áusō 2. ōus-
abraba abhro-
abrs abhro- , apelo-
*addjis ō(u̯)i̯-om
*af-agjan agh-
af-aikan eig-
af-airzjan 2. ere-s-
*afara apo-
*afar-dags ā̆g̑her-
afar-gaggan g̑hengh-
afar apo-
*af-blindnan bhlendh-
*af-dojan dhau-
af-etja ed-
*af-gaggan g̑hengh-
afgrundiþa ghren-
af-hamon 3. k̑em-
aflifnan 1. leip-
*af-qiþan 2. get-
*af-skiuban skeub-
af-slahan slak-
*af-slauþjan (s)leu-
*af-slauþnan (s)leu-
af-swairban su̯erbh-
*af-taurnan 4. der-
afta apo-
aftra apo-
af apo-
*-agan agh-
agei agh-
*-agga ang̑h-
aggwiþa ang̑h-
*-aggwjan ang̑h-
*aggwus ang̑h-
agis agh-
*agls agh-
aglyan agh-
ahaks 2. ak̑-
ahana 2. ak̑-
ahs 2. ak̑-
ahtau ok̑tō(u)
aíƕa- ek̑u̯o-s
*aiƕa-tundi ek̑u̯o-s
aírþa 4. er-
aiþs 5. ai-
*aigan ēik-
aigin ēik-
aihtron eig-
ainlif 1. leip- , oi-no-
ains oi-no-
aipiskaupus spek̑-
airis ā̆ier-
airkniþa ar(e)-g̑-
airknis ar(e)-g̑-
*airzei 2. ere-s-
*airzeis 2. ere-s-
*airzjan 2. ere-s-
*aistan 2. ais-
*aiwiski aigh-
aiwisks aigh-
*aiws aiu̯-
aiw aiu̯-
aiz ai̯os-
*ajukduþs aiu̯-
akran ōg-
akrs ag̑ro-s
ak ati
alþeis 2. al-
alþiza 2. al-
*ala-brunsts bh(e)reu-
*alan 2. al-
*aldomo 2. al-
*alds 2. al-
aleina 8. el-
alhs aleq-
aljaþro 1. al-
aljaþ 1. al-
*aljaleikoþs 1. al-
aljaleiko 1. al-
*aljan 2. al-
aljar 1. al-
alja 1. al-
*aljis 1. al-
allis 1. al-
alls 1. al-
amsa ag̑-
anþar 2. an-
*ana-biudan bheudh-
ana-hamon 3. k̑em-
anaks 4. an-
anananþjan nant-
*ana-qal 1. gel-
*ana-qiþan 2. get-
*ana-qilan 1. gel-
*ana-qiman gā-
ana-silan 2. sē(i)-
ana-stodeins stā-
*ana-timrjan dem-
ana 4. an-
*anda-staþjis stā-
andbahts ag̑-
andeis ant-s
*and-hamon 3. k̑em-
*and-huleins 4. k̑el-
and-huljan 4. k̑el-
andiz-uh ant-s
andiz 2. an-
andniman ant-s
*and-rinnan 3. er-
*and-staldan 3. stel-
and-stald 3. stel-
and ant-s
anses ansu-
ansts ans-
aqizi ag(e)sī
*arƕazna arqu-
ara 1. er-
arbaiþs orbho-
arbinumja 1. nem-
arjan ar(ə)-
arka areq-
*arma-hairto k̑ered-
arms 1. ar- , orbho-
arniba 3. er-
asans es-en-
asilu-qairnus 2. ger-
asilus ers-
asneis es-en-
asts ozdo-s
*at-aþni at-
atáugjan 1. ad-
*at-hahan k̑enk-
atisk ades-
*at-rinnan 3. er-
*at-snarpjan (s)nerb-
atta ā̆tos
at 1. ad-
auga-dauro dhu̯ē̆r-
*augjan ok-
auhns auq(h)-
auhsa u̯eg-
*aukan au̯eg-
aurti-gards g̑herdh-
aweþi óu̯i-s
awiliuþ 7. au̯-
awiliudōn 3. lēu-
awistr óu̯i-s
awi óu̯i-s
aza ansu-
*azgo ā̆s-
badi 1. bhedh-
bagms bheu-
baíran 1. bher-
*baidjan 1. bheidh-
*baira-bagms bhar-
bairan 1. bher-
*bairgahei bhereg̑h-
*bairgan bherg̑h-
bairgan bhereg̑h-
*bairgs bhereg̑h-
bairhtei bherəg̑-
bairhts bherəg̑-
baitraba bheid-
*baitrs bheid-
bai ambhi
bajōþs ambhi
balþaba 3. bhel-
balþei 3. bhel-
*balþs 3. bhel-
*bala- 1. bhel-
*balgs bhelg̑h-
balweins bheleu-
balwjan bheleu-
bandi bhendh-
*bandwa 1. bhā-
bandwjan 1. bhā- , 2. bhā-
bandwō 1. bhā-
banja bhen-
*bannan 2. bhā-
*bards bhardhā
*barizeins bhares-
barms 1. bher-
barniskei 1. bher-
barn 1. bher-
basi 1. bhā-
*batan bhā̆d-
batists bhā̆d-
batiza bhā̆d-
bauan bheu-
*baur 1. bher-
baurþei 1. bher-
baurd bheredh-
baurgs-waddjus bhereg̑h- , 1. u̯ei-
baurgs bhereg̑h-
ba 2. bhē̆
*beidan 1. bheidh-
*beitan bheid-
bercna bherəg̑-
bidagwa 2. bhedh-
bidan 2. bhedh-
bida 2. bhedh-
bidjan 2. bhedh-
*bi-gairdan g̑herdh-
bi-gitan ghend-
*bi-graban 2. ghrebh-
bi-laibjan 1. leip-
*bi-laigon leig̑h-
*bi-nauhan enek̑-
bindan bhendh-
bi-raubon 2. reu-
*bi-rinnan 3. er-
bi-swairban su̯erbh-
biudan bheudh-
biugan 3. bheug-
bi-uhti euk-
bi-uhts euk-
biwáibjan u̯eip-
bi-windan 1. u̯endh-
bi ambhi
blandan bhlendh-
blauþjan 2. bhlēu-
blēsan 3. bhel-
bleiþs 4. bhel- , 1. bhlē̆i-
bleiþyan 4. bhel-
blinds bhlendh-
blōma 4. bhel-
bloþ 4. bhel-
*blostr 3. bhel-
blotan 3. bhel-
*bōka bhāgó-s
bōka bhāgó-s
bōk bhāgó-s , bhāgó-s
bōta bhā̆d-
bokareis bhāgó-s
boka bhāgó-s
bota bhā̆d-
brakja 1. bhreg̑-
brannjan bh(e)reu-
*breihan bhrenk-
briggan bhrenk-
*brikan 1. bhreg̑-
*brinnan bh(e)reu-
brinno bh(e)reu-
broþar bhrā́ter-
bruþfaþs poti-s
brukyan bhrūg-
brunna bh(e)reu-
brusts 1. bhreu-s-
bugjan 3. bheug-
dáils dā
*daddjan dhē(i)-
*Dagis-þius ā̆g̑her-
dags ā̆g̑her-
daigs dheig̑h-
dalaþ 1. dhel-
dal 1. dhel-
dars dhers-
dauþjan 2. dheu-
daūro dhu̯ē̆r-
daūr dhu̯ē̆r-
dauþs 2. dheu- , 2. dheu-
dauþus 2. dheu-
daubs 4. dheu-
*daufs 4. dheu-
dauhtar dhug(h)əter-
dauns 4. dheu-
daupyan dheu-b-
daura-wards 8. u̯er-
daurons dhu̯ē̆r-
daursan dhers-
daursta dhers-
daursum dhers-
daur dhu̯ē̆r-
deds 2. dhē-
deigan dheig̑h-
diabaulus 2. gel-
*digan dheig̑h-
*dis-haban kap-
*dis-taheins denk̑-
*dis-tahjan denk̑-
*dis-tairan 4. der-
*dis-taurnan 4. der-
*dis-winþjan 10. au̯(e)-
diups dheu-b-
dius 4. dheu-
*diwan 2. dheu-
doms 2. dhē-
domyan 2. dhē-
dragan dherāgh-
dragkyan dhreg̑-
*drauhtinassus 2. dher-
*drauhtinon 2. dher-
drauhti-witoþ 2. dher-
*dreiban dhreibh-
drigkan dhreg̑-
*driugan 2. dhreugh-
driugan 2. dher-
driusan dhreu-
*drunjus 3. dher-
dumbs 4. dheu-
*du-rinnan 3. er-
du de-
dwals 4. dheu-
*ēla ēlā
eisarn 1. eis-
fadar pətḗ(r)
faginōn 1. pek̑-
fagrs 1. pek̑-
fahan pā̆k̑-
faírguni perku-s
faírra 2a. per-
faihs 1. peig-
faihu-friks preg-
*faihu-geigan gheig̑h-
faihu 2. pek̑-
fair-aigan ēik-
fairhwus perku-s
fairneis 2a. per-
*fair-rinnan 3. er-
fairzna persnā
falþan 3a. pel-
-falþs 3a. pel-
fana pā̆n-
fani 2. pen-
faran 2b. per-
farjan 2b. per-
fastan pasto-
faúra 2a. per-
faúr 2a. per-
*fauho 1. pū̆k-
faura-dauri dhu̯ē̆r-
faurhtei 2. perg-
faurhtjan 2. perg-
faurhts 2. perg-
*faur-rinnan 3. er-
faus pōu-
faws pōu-
fayan 2. peig̑-
fenea 1. pen-
fera 3. sp(h)ē(i)-
fidur-dogs ā̆g̑her-
fidwor-taihun dek̑m̥ , ketu̯er-
*fidwor-tigjus dek̑m̥ , ketu̯er-
fidwor ketu̯er-
fif penke
figgra-gulþ 1. g̑hel-
figgrs penke
filhan 3b. pel-
fill 3b. pel-
filu 1. pel- , 1. pel-
*fimf-taihun dek̑m̥
fimfta- penke
fimf penke
finþan pent-
fisks peisk-
fitan pid-
fiyands pē(i)-
fláutjan pleu-
flōdus pleu-
fōdeins pā-
fōdjan pā-
fōn peu̯ōr
fōðer pā-
fōtus 2. pē̆d-
fotu-baurd bheredh-
fraþjan pret-
fráuja 2a. per-
fra-atjan ed-
fra-bairan 1. bher-
fra-giban ghabh-
*fra-gifts ghabh-
fraíhnan 4. perk̑-
fra-itan ed-
fraiw 2d. per-
*fra-kunþs 2. g̑en-
*fram-aldrs 2. al-
framis 2a. per-
fram 2a. per-
*fra-qiþan 2. get-
*fra-qistnan gei̯ə-
frawaúrhts 2. u̯erg̑-
freidjan prāi-
freihals prāi-
freis prāi-
friaþwa prāi- , prāi-
frijei prāi-
frijōn prāi-
frijondi prāi-
frijonds prāi-
frisahts 2a. per-
*frius preus-
frōþs pret-
frumabaúr 2a. per-
fruma 2a. per-
frumists 2a. per-
frums 2a. per-
fugls pleu-
fula pōu-
fullafahjan 1. pek̑-
fulljan 1. pel-
fullō 1. pel-
fulls 1. pel-
fuls 2. pū̆-
funins peu̯ōr
ga-ƕatjan kē̆d-
gaþaúrsnan ters-
gáumjan ghou̯(ē)-
ga-batnan bhā̆d-
gabaurþs 1. bher-
*ga-beidan 1. bheidh-
gabei ghabh-
ga-bidjan 2. bhedh-
ga-binda bhendh-
ga-bindi bhendh-
*ga-blindjan bhlendh-
*gabrannjan bh(e)reu-
*gabrikan 1. bhreg̑-
*gabruka 1. bhreg̑-
ga-daban 2. dhabh-
ga-dauþnan 2. dheu-
*ga-deþs 2. dhē-
gadiliggs ghedh-
ga-dōbs 2. dhabh-
*ga-draban dhrebh-
ga-drauhts 2. dher-
ga-friþōn prāi-
*ga-geigan gheig̑h-
ga-geiggan gheig̑h-
gaggan g̑hengh-
gaggs g̑hengh-
*ga-haban kap-
ga-hamon 3. k̑em-
gaidw 1. g̑hē-
*gailjan ghoilo-s
gairda g̑herdh-
gaisjan gheis-
gaits ghaido-
ga-juk 2. i̯eu-
*ga-karon g̑ā̆r-
*ga-kroton g̑er-
ga-kunnan 2. g̑en-
ga-kwiþan 2. get-
ga-láubjan leubh-
ga-laubeins leubh-
galeiþan lento-
ga-leiks 2. lē̆ig-
Galtis 2. g̑hel-
galūkan 1. leug-
ga-mains 2. mei-
ga-mōtjan mōd-
gamōt 1. med-
gamunds 3. men-
ga-nagljan onogh-
*ga-nauhan enek̑-
ga-nisan nes-
ga-nōhs enek̑-
*ga-nohjan enek̑-
*ga-qiujan 3. gei̯-
gaqumþs gā-
ga-raþjan 1. ar-
garaiþs reidh-
ga-raidjan 1. ar-
*ga-razna 2. erə-
*ga-razno 2. erə-
gards g̑herdh-
ga-rēdan 1. ar-
garēhsns 2. rē̆k-
ga-riudei reudh-
garuns 3. er-
gasakan sāg-
ga-skohi 2. (s)keu-
ga-staldan 3. stel-
ga-steigan steigh-
gasts gheis- , ghosti-s
ga-suljan 2. sel-
ga-swogjan u̯ā̆gh-
*ga-tairan 4. der-
ga-tamjan demə-
ga-tarhjan derk̑-
*ga-tarnjan 4. der-
*ga-taurþs 4. der-
*ga-taurnan 4. der-
gateihan deik̑-
*ga-timrjan dem-
*ga-timrjo dem-
ga-tiuhan deuk-
ga-trudan 3. der-
ga-tulgjan 5. del-
gatwo 1. g̑hē-
*gauriþa ghou-ro-s
gaurjan ghou-ro-s
gaurs ghou-ro-s
ga-wadjon u̯adh-
gawaurki 2. u̯erg̑-
ga-widan 5. au̯-
ga-wigan u̯eg̑h-
giban ghabh-
*gibla ghebh-el-
gilþa 2. g̑hel-
gild ghel-tō
*giutan 1. g̑heu-
glaggwus 1. g̑hel-
glitmunjan 1. g̑hel-
gōþs ghedh-
gōds ghedh-
gōðr ghedh-
*graba 2. ghrebh-
graban 2. ghrebh-
*gramjan 2. ghrem-
*grana 3. gher-
granos 3. gher-
gras ghrē-
grēdags 1. g̑her-
grētan 1. gher-
gredags 1. g̑her-
*gredon 1. g̑her-
*gredus 1. g̑her-
greipan ghreib-
Greotingi 2. ghrēu-
*grinda-fraþjis ghren-
*grōba 2. ghrebh-
grundu-waddjus ghren-
guþ g̑hau-
*gulþ 1. g̑hel-
*gulþeins 1. g̑hel-
*guma-kunds g̑hðem-
guma g̑hðem-
gund ghendh-
*Gut-þiuda 1. g̑heu-
*Gutisk-andeis ant-s
*Gutisk-andeis-andi ant-s
-h 1. ke
háifsts k̑ēi-bh-
háitan kēi-
haban kap-
hafjan kap-
*haftjan kap-
*hahan k̑enk- , k̑enk-
haiþno kaito-
*haidus (s)kāi-
hailjan kai-lo-
hails kai-lo-
haims 1. k̑ei-
hairþra 4. (s)ker-
hairda k̑erdho-
hairdeis k̑erdho-
hairto k̑ered-
haiti kēi-
halba 1. (s)kel-
*halbs 1. (s)kel-
haldan 5. kel-
halis-aiw aiu̯-
hals 1. kel-
halts 3. kel-
hana kan-
hardus 3. kar-
harjis koro-s
*hatan k̑ād-
hatis k̑ād-
*hatizon k̑ād-
*hatjan k̑ād-
haúrds kert-
haubiþ kap-ut
hauhei 2. keu-
hauh-hairei k̑ered-
hauh-hairts k̑ered-
hauhs 2. keu-
haunjan kau-
hauns kau-
*haurnja 1. k̑er-
*haurnjan 1. k̑er-
haurn 1. k̑er-
hausjan 1. keu-
hawi kāu-
hēþjō kē̆t-
hēr k̑o-
heitō 3. kā̆i-
heiwa-frauja 1. k̑ei-
hidre k̑o-
*hilms 4. k̑el-
hilpan k̑elb-
*himina-kunds 3. k̑em-
himinakunds 1. g̑en-
himins 3. k̑em-
hindana k̑o-
hindar k̑o-
hiri k̑o-
hiuhma 2. keu-
hiwi 2. k̑ei-
hi- k̑o-
hlaþan klā-
hlains k̑lei-
hlain k̑lei-
hlaiwasna k̑lei-
hlaiw k̑lei-
hleiduma k̑lei-
hlifan k̑lep-
hliftus k̑lep-
*hlija k̑lei-
hlija 1. k̑el-
hliuma 1. k̑leu-
hneiwan knei-gh-
*hoha 2. k̑ā̆k-
*hrainja-hairts k̑ered-
hrains 4. (s)ker-
hraiwa-dubō 4. dheu-
hrisian 3. (s)ker-
hūhjan 2. keu-
hūs 2. (s)keu-
huhrus 2. kenk-
hulistr 4. k̑el-
huljan 4. k̑el-
hulundi kau-l- , 4. k̑el-
hunda dek̑m̥
hunds k̑u̯on-
hund dek̑m̥
hunsla-staþs k̑u̯en-
hunsljan k̑u̯en-
hunsl k̑u̯en-
hups 2. keu-
huzd 2. (s)keu-
hwairban ku̯erp-
hwass-aba kē̆d-
hwēleiks ko-
hwē ko-
hweila kei̯ə-
hwileiks ko-
eti
ibái 2. bhē̆
ibai 2. bhē̆
iddja 1. ei-
id- eti
*iftuma epi
iiz 2. ei-s-
ik eg̑-
im es-
*inbrannjan bh(e)reu-
*in-gramjan 2. ghrem-
inkilþō 1. gel-
inmáidjan 2. mei-t(h)-
innana 1. en
innan 1. en
inna 1. en
innuma 1. en
inn 1. en
inuh ē̆neu
inu ē̆neu
inweitan 2. u̯(e)id-
inwindiþa 1. u̯ei-
in 1. en
ist es-
is 3. e- , es-
itan ed-
ita 3. e-
iusiza u̯ē̆su-
jabái 2. bhē̆
jaind 3. e-
jains eno-
jai- eno-
jēr 1. ei-
juþan 3. e-
juggaláuþs 1. leudh-
juk 2. i̯eu-
jungs 3. i̯eu-
ju 3. e-
*kalbo 1. gel-
*kalds 3. gel(ə)-
kannjan 2. g̑en-
kara g̑ā̆r-
*karon g̑ā̆r-
kaurjan 2. ger-
kaurjos 2. ger-
kaurno g̑er-
kaurn g̑er-
kaurus 2. ger-
kausjan g̑eus-
kindins 1. g̑en-
*kinnus 2. g̑enu-
*kiusan g̑eus-
*kniu 1. g̑enu-
*knoþs 1. g̑en-
knussyan gen-
kukyan ku-
kunþi 2. g̑en-
kunþjan 2. g̑en-
kunþs 2. g̑en-
kuni 1. g̑en-
kunnan 2. g̑en-
láisjan leis-
láistjan leis-
láun lāu-
láusjan 2. leu-
lagjan legh-
lagus laku-
laiba 1. leip-
laikan 3. leig-
lamb 1. el-
land 3. lendh-
lats 3. lē(i)-
*lauhmuni leuk-
launa-wargs 3e. u̯er-
laus 2. leu-
lēkeis leg̑-
lētan 3. lē(i)-
leiƕan leik-
leihts legh-
leikeis leg̑-
leik 2. lē̆ig-
lein lī̆-no-
leitils 2. lei- , leud-
liþus 8. el-
liban 1. leip-
ligan legh-
ligrs legh-
liohaþ leuk-
*lisan les-
liubs leubh-
liudan 1. leudh-
liufs leubh-
liugan 1. leugh-
liuhaþ leuk-
lustōn las-
lustus las-
maþa 1. math-
magaþs maghos
magan magh-
magus maghos
mahts magh-
maiþm 2. mei-t(h)-
mail 2. mai-
mais 4. mē-
malan 1. mel-
malma 1. mel-
malō 1. mel-
manag-falþs 3a. pel-
manags men(e)gh-
manasēþs 2. sē(i)-
manna manu-s
marei mori
marka mereg̑-
markōs mereg̑-
matjan mad-
mats mad-
maúrgins 2. mer-
maurþrjan 4. mer-
maurþr 4. mer-
*maurnan (s)mer-
mégs mē̆gh-
mēljan 6. mel-
mēl 3. mē-
mēna mēnōt
mēnoþs mēnōt
mērjan 1. mei-
meina 1. me-
meins 1. me-
meki medhi-
*miþ-qiþan 2. get-
*miþ-qiman gā-
miþ 2. me-
midjis medhi-
midjun-gards g̑herdh- , medhi-
mid 2. me-
mikilei meg̑(h)-
mikils meg̑(h)-
mik 1. me-
milds 1. mel-
milhma 2. melk-
miliþ bhleu-
milith meli-t
*miluks mē̆lg̑-
mimz mēmso-
missō 2. mei-t(h)-
mitan 1. med-
mitōn 1. med-
mizdō mizdhó-
mōds 5. mē-
mulda 1. mel-
munþs 2. menth-
munan 3. men-
mundon mendh-
muns 3. men-
nadrs nē-tr-
nahts nek-(t-)
namnjan en(o)mn̥-
namō en(o)mn̥-
naqaþs nog-
nasjan nes-
nauþs 2. nāu-
nēƕa enek̑-
*neþla (s)nē-
neiþ 2. nei-
nibái 2. bhē̆
niba 2. bhē̆
ni-h 1. ke
niman 1. nem-
niujis neu̯os
niuklahs 1. g̑en-
niunda e-neu̯en
niun e-neu̯en
niutan neu-d-
ni 1. nĕ
nū nū̆-
nu nū̆-

*ogan agh-
Onemunds 7. au̯-
Onila 7. au̯-
ðaþrō 1. to-
ðar 1. to-
ðata 1. to-
ðei 1. to-
paida baitā
pund bend- , 1. (s)pen(-d)-
qáinōn 1. gei-
qairnus 2. ger-
qens gē̆nā
qiþan 2. get-
*qiþus 3. gei̯-
qiman gā-
qino gē̆nā
qistjan gei̯ə-
qius 3. gei̯-
raþjo 1. ar-
*raþs ret(h)-
*rahnjan 2. rē̆k-
raidjan reidh-
raihts 1. reg̑-
raip 1. rei-
rasta 2. erə-
rauds reudh-
raus 3. er-
razda rā̆s-
razn 2. erə-
reiki 1. reg̑-
reiks 1. reg̑-
reirō rei-r(ēi)-
rign 2. reg̑-
*rinnan 3. er-
riqis regos-
rōdjan 1. ar-
rūms reu̯ə- , reu̯ə-
rūna 1. reu-
runs 3. er-
saþs sā-
saei 3. e-
saggws sengh-
saíƕan 2. sek-
saíhsta su̯ek̑s
saíhs su̯ek̑s
saian 2. sē(i)-
sair sāi-
saiws sāi-
sakan sāg-
sakjō sāg-
salbōns selp-
salbōn selp-
salithwa 1. sel-
saljan 1. sel- , 3. sel-
salja 3. sel-
salt 1. sal-
sama 2. sem-
sandjan sent-
sarwa 2. ser-
satjan sed-
sauil sā́u̯el-
saurga su̯ergh-
sauths 4. seu-
sa so(s)
-sēþs 2. sē(i)-
sēlei 3. sel- , 6. sel-
sēls 6. sel-
*seins se-
seithu 2. sē(i)-
sibun septm̥
siggkwan seng-
siggwan sengh-
sigis seg̑h-
sigkwan seng-
sijais es-
sijai es-
sijau es-
sijuþ es-
sijum es-
sik ghe-
silba se-
sinþs sent-
sinþ sent-
sind es-
sineigs sen(o)-
*sin-teins 1. dei-
sinteins 2. sem-
sitan sed-
sitls sed-
siujan si̯ū-
siukan seug-
siuks seug-
skaþis skēth-
skaban 2. (s)kē̆p-
skadus skot-
skaidan skē̆i-
*skalja 1. (s)kel-
skal 2. (s)kel-
skanda 3. k̑em-
*skauns 1. keu-
skeinan sk̑āi-
*skildus 1. (s)kel-
skip skē̆i-
skiuban skeub-
*skohs 2. (s)keu-
*skuggwa 2. (s)keu-
skulan 2. (s)kel-
skula 2. (s)kel-
skulda 2. (s)kel-
skulum 2. (s)kel-
skura k̑ēu̯ero-
slahan slak-
*slaihts 3. lei-
slēps lē̆b-
*sliupan sleub(h)-
*smals mēlo-
snáiws sneigh-
sneiþan sneit-
*sniwan snēu-
sōkareis sāg-
sōkeins sāg-
sōkjan sāg-
sōkns sāg-
sō so(s)
sparwa 2. sper(-g)-
speiwan (s)p(h)i̯ēu-
spilda 1. (s)p(h)el-
*spill (s)pel-
spilla (s)pel-
spillōn (s)pel-
spinnan 1. (s)pen(-d)-
sprauto 2. (s)p(h)er-
stáins stāi-
staþs stā-
stabs stā- , steb(h)-
*stairno 2. stē̆r-
stairo 6. ster-
*staks 2. (s)teg-
standan stā-
staua stā-
*stautan 1. (s)teu-
steigan steigh-
stikls (s)teig-
stiks (s)teig-
stilan 3. ster-
stiurs stā-
stojan stā-
stols stā-
*stoma stā-
straujan 5. ster-
striks 4. ster-
sums 2. sem-
sundrō seni-
sunja es-
sunna sā́u̯el-
sunnō sā́u̯el-
sunus 2. seu-
swa-leiks se-
swamms su̯omb(h)o-s
swaran 1. su̯er-
swarts su̯ordo-s
swaswē se-
swa se-
swē se-
*swegnjan u̯ā̆gh-
sweiban su̯ē̆(i)-
swein sū̆-s
swers 1. u̯er-
swibls su̯elplo-s
swi-kunþs 2. g̑en-
swiltan 2. su̯el-
swistar su̯esor-
swōgjan u̯ā̆gh-
táikns deik̑-
tagl 2. dek̑-
tagr dak̑ru-
*tahjan denk̑-
taíhuntēhund dek̑m̥
*taihswa 1. dek̑-
taihun dek̑m̥
*tains du̯ō(u)
*tarmjan 4. der-
-tassaba dā
taujan 2. deu-
tēkan dēg-
til 2. ad- , 2. ad-
timreins dem-
*timrjan dem-
timrja dem-
tiuhan 2. deu- , deuk-
trauains deru-
trauan deru-
triggwa deru-
triggws deru-
*triu deru-
triweins deru-
trudan 3. der-
tuggo dn̥g̑hū
tulgiþa 5. del-
tulgjan 5. del-
tulgus 5. del-
*tunþus ed-
tuz- dus-
twai-tigjus du̯ō(u)
twai du̯ō(u)
twa-lif du̯ō(u)
twa du̯ō(u)
*tweifleins du̯ō(u)
tweifljan du̯ō(u)
*tweifls du̯ō(u)
*tweihnai du̯ō(u)
tweihnaim du̯ō(u)
tweihnai du̯ō(u)
*twis-standan du̯ō(u)
*twis-stass du̯ō(u)
twos du̯ō(u)
tyz 1. dei-
-u 4. au-
ūta ū̆d-
ūt ū̆d-
ubils upo
ubil upo
ubizwa upo
uf-þanjan 1. ten-
*ufar-giutan 1. g̑heu-
ufar-hamon 3. k̑em-
ufarō upér
ufaro apo-
ufar upér
*uf-bauljan 2. b(e)u-
ufbauljan bhelg̑h-
*uf-blesan 3. bhel-
ufbrikan 1. bhreg̑-
*ufbrinnan bh(e)reu-
*uf-gairdan g̑herdh-
*uf-graban 2. ghrebh-
uf-kunnan 2. g̑en-
uf-rakjan 1. reg̑-
-uh 1. ke
*unþa-þliuhan ant-s
un-agein agh-
*un-aiwisks aigh-
un-baurans 1. bher-
undar n̥dhos
und ant-s
une 3. ne-
un-gakusans g̑eus-
*unga-stoþs stā-
*ungatass dā
un-karja g̑ā̆r-
un-kunþs 2. g̑en-
un-lēds 2. lē(i)-
unsara 3. ne-
un-sibis sed-
unsis 3. ne-
unte ant-s
un-wāhs u̯eg̑h-
urreisan 3. er-
urrinnan 3. er-
usagjan agh-
*us-alþans 2. al-
*us-beidan 1. bheidh-
*us-beisns 1. bheidh-
us-bida 2. bhedh-
usbruknan 1. bhreg̑-
*us-dreiban dhreibh-
us-filma 1. pel-
us-filmei 1. pel-
*us-gaisjan gheis-
*us-gaisnan gheis-
us-giban ghabh-
*us-graban 2. ghrebh-
*us-gutnan 1. g̑heu-
us-hlaupan 1. ku̯elp-
*us-hulon kau-l-
us-kiusan g̑eus-
us-qiþan 2. get-
*us-skarjan 4. (s)ker-
us-stiggan stegh-
us-windan 1. u̯endh-
us ū̆d-
*uz-anan 3. an(ə)-
uz-ēta ed-
wadi u̯adh-
wahsjan au̯eg-
wahstus au̯eg-
waíhsta 4. u̯eik-
waíhts u̯ek-ti-
waírdus 11. u̯er-
waírpan 3b. u̯er-
waír u̯ī̆ro-s
*waian 10. au̯(e)-
wai-dēdja 2. dhē-
waiht u̯ek-ti-
waila-dēds 2. dhē-
waila 2. u̯el-
wairþan 3h. u̯er-
wairþa 3h. u̯er-
wairþs 3h. u̯er-
wairsiza u̯ers-
wai u̯ai , u̯ai
*wanan 1. eu-
wandjan 1. u̯endh-
*wans 1. eu-
wan 1. eu-
warei 8. u̯er-
warjan 8. u̯er-
warmjan gher-
wasjan 5. u̯es-
*wasti 5. u̯es-
wast 1. u̯es-
was 1. u̯es- , 1. u̯es-
wato 9. au̯(e)-
waúrd 6. u̯er-
waúrkjan 2. u̯erg̑-
waúrts u̯(e)rād-
waurms 3a. u̯er-
wēsuþ 1. u̯es-
wēsum 1. u̯es-
wēsun 1. u̯es-
wēsuts 1. u̯es-
wēsu 1. u̯es-
weihan 2. u̯eik-
weihs 1. u̯eik- , u̯eik̑-
weina-tains du̯ō(u)
weina-triu deru-
weis 1. u̯ē̆- , 2. u̯(e)id-
*wenjan 1. u̯en-
wiþra 1. u̯ī̆-
wiþrus u̯et-
widuwaírna u̯eidh-
widuwō u̯eidh-
wigs u̯eg̑h-
wikō 4. u̯eik-
wilþeis 4. u̯el-
wiljan 2. u̯el-
wilja 2. u̯el-
wilwan 8. u̯el-
wilwa 8. u̯el-
winþs 10. au̯(e)-
winds 10. au̯(e)-
winnan 1. u̯en-
wintrus 9. au̯(e)-
wisan 1. u̯es-
wists 2. u̯es-
*witan 2. u̯(e)id-
witan 2. u̯(e)id-
wit du̯ō(u) , 1. u̯ē̆-
wōds 1. u̯āt-
wōpjan u̯āb-
*wokrs au̯eg-
wolla 4. u̯el-
wratōn 3c. u̯er-
wulþus 1. u̯el-
Wulfila u̯l̥kos
wulfs u̯l̥kos
wulla 4. u̯el-
yai 3. e-
ya 3. e-
yuggs 3. i̯eu-

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